5 Homework Review What is wrong with the way King Chao rules China? Too many nobles have too much powerWhat examples does Ying-hou use to strengthen his argument?Sharing a genie’s powerToo much fruit on a branch hurts the tree, just like too much power to nobles hurts the kingWhat advice would Ying-hou give the king?The central government (king) must be stronger than the nobles
6 Fall of the Zhou Zhou fell into a period of “Warring States” Lots of violenceAll the feudal lords started fighting with one another instead of acting like a unitThe people believed that the Zhou had lost the mandate of heavenThree schools of thought developed during this period…
7 1. ConfucianismDuring the period of “Warring States”, a teacher emerged named ConfuciusTaught people to accept place in societyThis would mean there was no fighting and the society would be stableFilial Piety – Respect for family, especially parents and eldersBelieved rulers should set good examples for people and take advice from educated menIn order to govern others, you must first govern yourselfEmphasis placed on education and moral development
9 Five Relationships of Confucianism Appropriate VirtueFather/sonFilial pietyRuler/subjectLoyaltyBrother/brotherBrotherlinessHusband/wifeLove and obedienceFriend/friendFaithfulness
10 Think for a minute…What does this say about the role of women in Confucian society?What was the role of the superior in the relationship?What was the role of the inferior in the relationship?
11 2. Legalism Started by another philosopher named Han Feizi Believed a good ruler should use strict laws with harsh punishments
12 3. Daoism Created by philosopher Laozi Daoists wanted to live in harmony with natureA good government is a hands-off governmentBelieved in balanceYin – Earth, Darkness, Female ForcesYang – Heaven, Light, Male ForcesHarmony and peace depended on balance between Yin and Yang