Presentation on theme: "Finding Out About Phonics Holy Trinity CE Primary, Sunningdale."— Presentation transcript:
Finding Out About Phonics Holy Trinity CE Primary, Sunningdale
Getting children ready for reading From a very early age… Talking and Listening. Reading with and to your child Playing listening games Singing songs and rhymes Simple movement games All these things will help to build up connections in the brain, an enjoyment of language and the confidence to try things out.
Two main skills: Phonics – decoding by blending the sounds in words to read them Language comprehension – understand what the word means within the context it appears Language development and phonics working together supports reading development. Being a successful reader
26 letters of alphabet These letters and combinations of these letters make 44 sounds Speech sounds- phonemes- the smallest units of sound in words Letters or groups of letters- graphemes Phonemes can be represented by graphemes of one or more letters: t sh igh Phonemes and graphemes
Phase 1 (7 Aspects) show growing awareness and appreciation of rhyme, rhythm and alliteration distinguish between different sounds in the environment and phonemes explore and experiment with sounds and words, discriminating speech sounds in words beginning to orally blend and segment phonemes Phase 1 continued Awareness of rhyme and alliteration; distinguish between different environmental sounds and phonemes; explore and experiment with sounds and words know that words are constructed from phonemes and phonemes are represented by graphemes know small selection of common consonants and vowels, can blend for reading and segment for spelling vc and cvc words e.g. pot, top, sat tap Phase 2 know one grapheme for each of 44 phonemes know the letter names hear and say sounds in order in which they occur in a word read and spell a wide range of CVC words using all letters and less frequent consonant digraphs, double letters and some long vowel phonemes e.g. sheep, goat. read two-syllable words and captions Phase 3 Phase 4 can use various ways of pronouncing and spelling the graphemes corresponding to long vowel phonemes e.g. ay, ai, a-e play, pain can read phonically decodable two and three syllable words can spell complex words using phonically plausible attempts Phase 6 apply phonics skills and knowledge to recognise and spell an increasing number of complex words are secure with less common grapheme/phoneme correspondence and recognise phonic irregularities Preliminary work on general sounds and fun phonics Children firmly in Phase 3 by end YR Children firmly in Phase 5 by end of Y1 Colour codes Beginning Y2 continuing into Y3 Phase 5 can blend adjacent consonants in words and apply this when reading unfamiliar texts can segment adjacent consonants e.g. spoon, cried, nest can read some polysyllabic words
Blending Recognising the letter sounds in a written word, for example c-a-t and synthesising or blending them in the order in which they are written to pronounce the word ‘cat’ Not cuh-a-tuh Segmenting ‘Chopping Up’ the word to s p e ll it out The opposite of blending
Some very simple prompts to help the child to check if he is using these sources of information : Does that make sense? Does that sound right? Does that look right?
Words that do not decode phonetically e.g. was, the, here Some are ‘tricky’ to start with but will become easier to decode once a broader range of phonemes have been learned e.g. out Some words need to be learned by sight e.g. one These and high frequency words are the words we will check in the children’s little purple word books. They will receive a new list once they can read all the words without having to sound the word out. Tricky words
designed to give teachers and parents information on how the child is progressing in phonics two sections in this 40-word check and it will assess phonics skills and knowledge learned through Reception and Year 1. Takes 5-10 minutes per child It is a school-based check to make sure that the child receives any additional support promptly- practice time is given, it is not stressful for children. Year 1 Phonics Screening Check (June 2016)
Supporting developing readers- once children are secure with early reading skills: Check for fluency and use of punctuation; Ask children to predict what unfamiliar words might mean- read the whole sentence to put the word in context; Talk about text layout especially in non- fiction texts; Record difficult words to practice again; Support children with inference and deduction e.g. Why do you think that? How do you know?
Ask children to summarise main points ; Begin to ask more questions on text linked to character, setting etc Moving on from... Learning to read to reading to learn.
Reading for Pleasure Remember variety of reading: comics, picture books, magazines linked to interests, computer research/activities, audio CDs as talking books; Library resources and story sessions; Books as presents; Oral story-telling; Old favourites- are familiar, can be acted out, re-told, illustrated etc.