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The Constitution of the United States of America April 30, 1789 – Inauguration –President Washington.

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Presentation on theme: "The Constitution of the United States of America April 30, 1789 – Inauguration –President Washington."— Presentation transcript:

1 The Constitution of the United States of America April 30, 1789 – Inauguration –President Washington

2 A Breakdown of the Constitution  The Constitution is divided into 7 Articles.  Each Article deals with a different role or function of government.  Each Article is broken down into Sections. Ex. - Article 1. The Legislature, Section 3. The Senate

3 Preamble - Purpose of the Constitution We the people of the United States, in order to form a more perfect Union, establish justice, insure domestic tranquility, provide for the common defense, promote the general welfare, and secure the blessings of liberty to ourselves and our posterity, do ordain and establish this Constitution for the United States of America.

4 Six Principles of the US Constitution 1. Popular Sovereignty 2. Federalism 3. Separation of Powers 4. Checks and Balances 5. Limited Government 6. Judicial Review

5 1. Popular Sovereignty  Who gives the governments it’s power?  The people!  The Constitution rests on the idea of popular sovereignty – a government in which the people rule.  As our nation grew, so did the diversity of the people participating (voting) and controlling the country. “We the People”

6 2. Federalism  How is power shared in America? Federalism is the system of government in which power is shared between a central gov.t and smaller units, such as states. Federalism & Power National Gov.t 50 State Gov.ts Powers shared by National and State Governments

7 Who has more power?  Federal Gov’t  State Gov’t

8 3. Separation of Powers  How is power divided in America? UNITED STATES CONSTITUTION Article 2. Executive Branch President enforces the laws. Article 1. Legislative Branch Congress makes the laws. Article 3. Judicial Branch Supreme Court interprets the law.

9 4. Checks and Balances Checks on Congress Checks on President Checks on Congress Checks on Courts Checks on President Checks on Courts Executive Branch Legislative Branch Judicial Branch * Each branch of government can exercise checks, or control over the other branches. How is power evenly distributed?

10 What are some specific checks for…  1. Legislative branch on Executive  2. Executive on Judicial  3. Judicial on Legislative

11 5. Limited Government  How is the abuse of power prevented? In America, everyone must follow the “rule of law.” There are no exceptions, when someone can legally break the law. The Bill of Rights also protects citizens from abusive government. Article 1, Section 9 lists the powers denied to Congress (pg. 730)

12 6. Judicial Review  The court system (Judicial Branch) has the power to determine if the Legislative or Executive branches acts in accordance with the Constitution.  This idea exists in the different layers of government (National, State, and Local).  Does the action, idea, or law agree or disagree with the US Constitution? Is it this or that? Constitutional vs. Unconstitutional

13 Describe a Supreme Court Case you Know About

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