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Forms of Governments.

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Presentation on theme: "Forms of Governments."— Presentation transcript:

1 Forms of Governments

2 To study governments, geographers look at the following:
Types – Who rules and who participates? Systems – How the POWER is distributed?

3 Types of Government are based on one key question: Who governs and what is the citizen participation? There are three types of governments: Autocracy, Oligarchy, and Democracy

4 Autocracy Government in which the power to govern is held by one person. Generally the power to rule is inherited or by military force. Types of Autocracy.

5 #1 Dictatorship The leader has not been elected and uses force to control all aspects of social and economic life. Examples: Adolf Hitler in Germany and Joseph Stalin in the Soviet Union

6 #2 Absolute Monarchy A monarchy has a king, queen, emperor or empress.
Brunei, Oman, Saudi Arabia and Vatican City. A monarchy has a king, queen, emperor or empress. The power is usually inherited or passed down from family members. The monarch has absolute power meaning they can make all decisions without consulting anyone.

7 Oligarchy A government in which a few people such as a dominant clan or clique have power. The group gets their power from either military, wealth or social status. Elections may be held but offer only one candidate. Example: Greek city states Caudillos - those who owned large estates throughout the land. Sparta

8 Democracy In a democracy, the government is “Ruled by the people”
There are two forms of democracy Direct Democracy – People vote on all the issues. Representative Democracy – People elect representatives and give them the power to vote on issues. Example: United States

9 In a democracy…. Individual freedom and equality is valued.
Free elections are held Decisions are based on majority rule. All candidates can express their views freely. Citizens vote by secret ballot.

10 Democratic Governments
There are two major kinds of democratic governments: Parliamentary Presidential

11 Parliamentary Democracy
Voters elect members to the Parliament (legislature) Parliament has two Houses: House of Commons: The Political Party with the most votes in the House of Commons chooses the Prime Minister, the government’s leader with no set length of term. House of Lords or Senate: Little power with most members being nobles having inherited their titles.

12 Presidential Democracy
Voters elect legislators Voters elect (indirectly) the president. Therefore, in the presidential system voters have a more direct say about those who serve in two branches of the government : Legislative Executive

13 Parliamentary System Presidential System
Executive Executive Legislative Select Elect Elect Legislative Elect Citizens Citizens

14 Systems of Government are based on one question: How is the power distributed?
There are three ways governments distribute power: Unitary Confederation Federal

15 Unitary One central government controls everything.
Power is not shared between states, counties or provinces. Examples : United Kingdom, France, the Netherlands, and Spain

16 Ways Government Distributes Power
Unitary Ways Government Distributes Power Regional Authority Regional Authority Central Authority Regional Authority Regional Authority

17 Confederation A voluntary association of independent states that agrees to follow a powerful central government. Nations can choose to follow or not follow the lead of the weak central government. Examples: Confederate States of America ( ), Russian Federation.

18 Ways Government Distributes Power
Confederation Ways Government Distributes Power Regional Authority Regional Authority Central Authority Regional Authority Regional Authority

19 Federal Power is shared by a powerful central government.
States or provinces are given considerable self rule, usually through their own legislatures. Examples: United States, Germany

20 Ways Government Distributes Power
Federation / Federal Ways Government Distributes Power Regional Authority Regional Authority Central Authority Regional Authority Regional Authority

21 How is the power distributed?
All key powers are held by the central government State/regional authorities hold most of the power Unitary Confederation Federal Shared power Strong central government Weaker central government

22 Putting it all together….
The United Kingdom is an autocratic constitutional monarchy with a parliamentary democracy and a unitary system. The United States is a presidential democracy with a federal system. What do those statements mean?

23 What do you remember? What are the three types of governments?
What are the three systems of government? Autocracy, Oligarchy, and Democracy Unitary, Confederation, and Federal

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