2 Central Asia is endowed with vast energy potential… KazakhstanReserves:Oil30 billion bblNatural Gas85TCFCoal31.3 billion tonsHydro Power20,000 MWKyrgyzstanReserves:Oil0.04 billion bblNatural Gas0.2 TCFCoal.9billion tonsHydro Power26,00 MWUzbekistanReserves:Oil594million bblNatural Gas66TCFCoal3.3billion tonsHydro Power1,700 MWI can’t edit this map but I’d like to remove blue boxes for countries other than Kyrgyz and TajikistanTurkmenistanReserves:Oil600million bblNatural Gas280TCFCoalModestHydro PowerTajikistanReserves:Oil0.01 billion bblNatural Gas0.2 TCFCoal3.6billion tonsHydro Power40,00 MW
3 The proposed CASA-1000 transmission facilities would: maximize the use of 1,300 MW renewable summer electricity surplus from existing plants in Central Asia (Tajikistan &Kyrgyz Republic ) and provide electricity to consumers in electricity deficient South Asia (Afghanistan & Pakistan)
4 The project consists of: Physical investment in transmission lines and related facilities linking Datka (KR) – Sangtuda (Taj) – Kabul (Af) – Peshawar (Pak)Related project, revenue, environment and social management including land acquisition and compensation and communicationsA community support program aimed at securing support for the project among communities along the route
5 Even without new power generation, Tajikistan and Kyrgyz Republic have sufficient electricity surplus during summers to warrant CASA Power domestic consumption and summer surplus (est based on feasibility report)Tajikistan* Kyrgyz Republic*Tajikistan spills water from its dams without generating electricity during the summer
6 …whereas Afghanistan and Pakistan face severe electricity shortages and rapidly increasing demand CountryPopulation MillionGNI per capita Current US$Per Capita Electricity Consumption (kWh/year)Installed Capacity (GW)Access RatePeak shortage (MW)Afghanistan32310310.513%--Pakistan180100041319.884%5,022Power network in Kabul, AfghanistanKabulkarzaiblogspot photo
7 Tajikistan spills water from its dams without generating electricity during the summer
8 Norak Hydro Power Stattion Potential capacity in thousand Kwt Energy generation, mln. Kwt. Hour annual 11200
9 The CASA-1000 project includes: 500 kV line Datka-Khudjand (477 km), with Tajik network transferring Kyrgyz exports to Sangtuda.Tajikistan Grid Strengthening.1300 MW AC-DC Convertor Station at Sangtuda.750 km HVDC line Sangtuda-Kabul- Peshawar.300 MW Convertor Station at Kabul (with both import & export capability).1300 MW DC-AC Convertor Station at Peshawar.
10 CASA-1000 benefits all four countries: Ensures a steady source of revenue from surplus hydropower exports for Tajikistan and Kyrgyz Republic, the weakest economies in Central AsiaUses excess summer electricity that is currently being spilledAlleviates electricity shortages in Pakistan during the peak summer seasonReplaces fuel-based power generation in Afghanistan and Pakistan with clean hydropowerEstablishes Afghanistan as a viable transit country, enhancing growth prospectsRequires no new power generation investments
11 Resources and demand in the region - electricity
12 CASA StatusThe four participating countries are finalizing commercial negotiationsProcurement of the convertor stations and lines under wayEstimated total project cost $1,160 millionFinancingFrom IDA (World Bank) Islamic Development Bank, Arab Cooperation Group and other donors under considerationMulti-donor Trust Fund being establishedFinancing gap of $134 million remains
13 CASA-1000 SignificanceEnsures a steady source of revenue for Tajikistan and Kyrgyz Republic, the weakest economies in Central AsiaRequires no new investment in generation because it uses surplus water that would otherwise be spilled (wasted)Alleviates electricity shortages in Pakistan during the summer when demand is at its highestReplaces fuel based electricity generation for Afghanistan and PakistanEstablishes Afghanistan as a viable transit countryOffers transmission capacity for other countries during the off-peak seasonCreates a viable governance mechanism to build confidence among neighbors
14 The foreign policy of the Republic of Tajikistan on CASA-1000 outlined by the President of Tajikistan H.E. Mr. Imomali RahmonConstruction of new railways, roads, gas and oil pipelines, power transmission lines are the core of creative plans, aimed at providing a peaceful and comfortable life for people of Tajikistan, Afghanistan, Iran, Pakistan and other countries of the regionTrade and economic opportunities of Pakistan, its geo-strategic position and influence in South Asia and in the Islamic world are of great importance for Tajikistan. Therefore, we will continue to focus our efforts on strengthening relations with Pakistan and in our joint struggle against modern threats, especially terrorism, extremism and drug trafficking, we will purposefully boost our cooperation.This cooperation is of particular importance in the framework of trilateral relations with Afghanistan, because it is aimed not only at addressing the problems of Afghanistan, but also demonstrates the new creative sample of relationships in the region. In the framework of this cooperation the early implementation of projects such as “CASA-1000”power transmission line project will, in fact, further strengthen the foundation of our relations.
15 CASA-1000 was discussed by the the President of Tajikistan, H. E. Mr CASA-1000 was discussed by the the President of Tajikistan, H.E. Mr. Emomali Rahmon and The Speaker National Assembly, H.E.Mr. Sardar Ayaz SadiqMay 26, 2014; The Speaker National Assembly, H.E.Mr. Sardar Ayaz Sadiq called on the President of Tajikistan, H.E. Mr. Emomali Rahmon in Dushanbe. The issue of power shortage in Pakistan was also discussed. The President of Tajikistan said that his country has surplus electricity; therefore it will export electricity to Pakistan to overcome its energy requirements. He said that CASA-1000 was a landmark project which will provide 1000 MW of electricity to Pakistan to mitigate its acute energy deficit.
16 The joint position of Tajikistan and Pakistan regarding CASA-1000 «The two leaders reaffirmed their commitment to CASA-1000 project and underlined the importance of its earliest realization»(point 8 Tajikistan-Pakistan Joint Statement On Enhanced Partnership – sighed 17th June, 2014 in Dushanbe during official visit of H.E. Mr. Muhammad Nawaz Sharif to Tajikistan)
17 Next steps of Tajikistan and Pakistan in the field of energy 21th July 2014 the President of Tajikistan H.E. Mr. Emomali Rahmon received the Federal Minister for Water and Energy of the Islamic Republic of Pakistan, H.E.Mr. Khwaja Asif Mohammad.The sides addressed the issues of wide-ranging cooperation between Tajikistan and Pakistan, first of all in the energy field.Main attention was paid to the ways of fruitful implementation of regional project CASA-1000, envisaging for power transmission from Tajikistan and Kyrgyzstan to Afghanistan and Pakistan.As it was informed, Tajikistan and Pakistan have established joint commission for development of energy cooperation and are currently taking efforts to prepare important documents for signing.
18 Is there any additional capacity to export electricity from Tajikistan to Pakistan? In Tajikistan today single available industrial mastering by power resource is a water-power of rivers. But spares a last, practically, unlimited- more 500 bill кWt. hour per annum, from which is today mastered only, order, 16 bill кWt. hour Herewith there is enormous amount of rivers in republic, from large before most small so theoretically possible provide firm, without deficit power supply it, as construction only one or several large stations with transmission of their energy in all regions, so and erection hundred small HPP change in direct vicinity to consumers.It is well know, that after bringing into operation the Rogun HPP in the republic will completely solve the problem concerning electricity insufficiency, and electricity surplus will increase by 10 milliards kW/h.For the transmission of this energy to the neighboring countries, such as Afghanistan, Pakistan, China , Iran and Central Asia it is necessary to construct the new lines electric transmissions.
19 CASA ?Description500 KV OVERHEAD POWER TRANSMISSION LINE FROM TAJIKISTAN TO PAKISTAN VIA VAKHAN OF AFGHANISTANThe project is proposed to construct 500 kV Over Head Transmission Line «Rogun Hydro Power Plant-Kalai Khumb-Ishkoshim- Vakhan Corridor (Afghanistan)- Chitral (Pakistan)»1 500 kV Overhead Power Transmission Line with section of 3х400 (1100 km) and Two Transformer Substation 500/220 kV
20 REPUBLIC OF TAJIKISTAN Capital: Dushanbe Population: about 8 million Territory: thousand square kmThe Republic of Tajikistan is a unique country with the mountains of the Tien Shan and Pamir ranges in the north averaging over 6,000 meters in height.With more than 1,000 rivers and lakes, 80% of which are located 3,000m above sea level, the country also has significant water resources and its rivers are one of the main sources of replenishment for the Aral Sea.Tajikistan is situated in south-east Central Asia bordering in the West and North with Uzbekistan and Kyrgyzstan, in the East with China, and in the South with Afghanistan. The country has an area of 143,000 square kilometres and a population of approximately 8 million (of whom more than 73% live in rural areas).The climate in Tajikistan varies widely throughout the year with mild temperatures and heavy showers in spring; hot summers with temperatures over 40˚C and cold winters.
21 OF THE REPUBLIC OF TAJIKISTAN HYDROPOWER RESOURSESOF THE REPUBLIC OF TAJIKISTANUnique Hydro Energy ResourcesSecond Among CIS CountriesEights in the World4% of World’s Which is equal to 527 billion kWh in one yearThis is 3 times more than present annual consumption.21
22 CURRENTLY INSTALLED CAPACITIES Currently installed capacity of hydro power plants (HPP) is 4741 thousand kW;Main Hydro Power Plants:NameInstalled Capacity in thousand kWEnergy generation in mln. kWh annuallyNorak300011200Boyghozi6003500Sangtuda-16712700Sarband210130022
23 CURRENTLY INSTALLED CAPACITIES, CONTINUE Besides big HPPs, there are 20 medium and 40 small HPPs in remotemountain areas, with capacity ranging from 5 kW to 1500 kW, includingNameInstalled Capacity in thousand kWEnergy generation in mln. kWh annuallyPerepadnaya29.9220Centralnaya15.1110Pamir-114.0-Varzob System HPPs25.4323
24 CURRENTLY INSTALLED CAPACITIES, CONTINUE NORAK, 3000MWBOYGHOZI, 600MWSARBAND, 240 MWSANGTUDA-I, 671 MWAll five abovementioned HPP areon Vakhsh River.There is also Qayroqum HPP in the northern part of country on river Syr Darya with installed capacity of 126 MW24
25 HYDRO ENERGY RESOURCES ON THE VAKHSH RIVER There are currently eight HPPs situated on the Vakhsh River with a feasibilitystudy currently being undertaken to complete a ninth - the Rogun HPP whichwill be located at the head of the Vakhsh River and which has a designedcapacity of 3,600 MW’s.The potential energy resources on the Vakhsh River alone are estimated tobe 75.5 TWh/year
26 FUTURE PLANS/PROJECTS A) CONSTRUCTION OF NEW HPPHPPs UNDER CONSTRUCTION:1. ROGHUN26
27 FUTURE PLANS/PROJECTS, CONTINUE ROGHUN HPPthe biggest hydro power plant in central Asia with dam height of 335m.construction started in 1976.the estimated capacity of its 6 generators is 3600 mw, or 13.1 bln. kWh annually.for completion of the project, the government of Tajikistan is establishing a consortium with participation of foreign investors.27
28 Energy generation bln. kWh annually FUTURE PLANS/PROJECTS, CONTINUEProspective energy generation potential by rivers1. Panj River and Amu Darya (upstream)14 plants with annual capacity of 86.3 bln. kWh)NoNAMECapacity, MWEnergy generation bln. kWh annually1.Barshor3001.62.Anjeerob6503.33.Pish3201.74.Khorugh2501.328
29 HYDRO ENERGY RESOURCES ON THE PANJ RIVER There are twelve HPPs on the Panj River with installed capacities rangingfrom 250 MW to 3,000 MW. Preliminary technical and economic studiesshow that one of the most attractive projects in Tajikistan is the developmentof the Dashtijum HPP with a design capacity of 4,000 MW.
30 Energy generation bln. kWh annually FUTURE PLANS/PROJECTS, CONTINUEProspective energy generation potential by rivers1. Panj River and Amu Darya (upstream)NAMECapacity, MWEnergy generation bln. kWh annually5.Rushon300014.86.Yazghulom8504.27.Darvozai Khoro210010.58.Shirovat19009.79.Khostav12006.110.Dashtijum400015.611.Jumar20008.212.Moscow8003.413.Kokchinskaya3501.514.Upstream Amudarya10004.430
31 FUTURE PLANS/PROJECTS, CONTINUE Among others, Dashtijum HPP is the most attractive with its capacity of 4000 MW, and 17.6 km3 water basin.31
32 Preliminary Economic And Technical Characteristics of Dashtijum HPP: FUTURE PLANS/PROJECTS, CONTINUEPreliminary Economic And Technical Characteristics of Dashtijum HPP:Cost of the project, bln. USD3.2Dam’s height, m.320Reservoir ‘s capacity, mln. m3: totalneeded17.610.2Length of reservoir, km70Projected capacity of the plant, MW4000Annual energy generation, kWh15.6 bln.Cost of investment per 1 kWUSD 80032
33 Prospective energy generation potential by rivers FUTURE PLANS/PROJECTS, CONTINUEProspective energy generation potential by rivers2. Obi Khingov River (upper stream of Vakhsh)5 plants with annual capacity of 9.7 bln. kWh)NAMECapacity, MWEnergy generation bln. kWh annuallySangvor8002.0Ourfatin8502.1Shtiyen6001.5EvtachGaftarguzar6501.6733
34 Prospective energy generation potential by rivers FUTURE PLANS/PROJECTS, CONTINUEProspective energy generation potential by rivers3. Surkhob River (upper stream of Vakhsh)4 plants with annual capacity of 7.6 bln. kWh)NAMECapacity, MWEnergy generation bln. kWh annuallyJamboul8002.0Sayron8502.1Gorgen6001.5Gharm34
35 Prospective energy generation potential by rivers FUTURE PLANS/PROJECTS, CONTINUEProspective energy generation potential by riversOther riversKofarnihon River : 5 stations, with general capacity of 411 MW;Varzob River: 3 stations, with general capacity 100 MW;Zarafshon River : 6 stations, with general capacity of 640 MW;Fon Daryo River : 4 stations, with general capacity of 510MW;Mascho District’s rivers (Upstream of Zarafshon): 5 stations, with general capacity of 500 MW;35
36 HYDRO ENERGY RESOURCES ON THE ZERAFSHAN RIVER The Zerafshan river is fed from glacial and snow runoff from the mountains.This river constitutes a potential hydro-power resource of over TWhof which it is technically possible to develop HPPs with a total installedcapacity of TWh.
37 FUTURE PLANS/PROJECTS, CONTINUE ENERGY GENERATIONBased on preliminary estimations, as a result of implementation of abovementioned projects, energy generation in the country would be:2010: bln. kWh;2015: bln. kWh;2020: bln. kWh;2025: bln. kWh;37
38 FUTURE PLANS/PROJECTS, CONTINUE While energy consumption of the country’s economy within the framework of possible intense development would be:2010: bln. kWh;2015: bln. kWh;2020: bln. kWh;2025: bln. kWh;38
39 Accordingly, there would be energy export potential of: FUTURE PLANS/PROJECTS, CONTINUEAccordingly, there would be energy export potential of:2010: 5 bln. kWh;2015: 12 bln. kWh;2020: bln. kWh;2025: bln. kWh;39