Presentation on theme: "Imperialism Review Lecture The “New” Imperialism… late 1700s – early 1900s different from earlier explorers in 1500s – 1600s (like in North & South."— Presentation transcript:
Imperialism Review Lecture The “New” Imperialism… late 1700s – early 1900s different from earlier explorers in 1500s – 1600s (like in North & South America) New imperialists wanted to have significant influence over the lives of the colonized peoples Led to an extreme competition to see who would become the new world powers
ImperialismDefinition Domination by one country over another country’s political, economic, and cultural life.
Industrial Revolution and Imperialism Industrialized countries needed raw materials such as cotton, coal, iron, oil, copper, rubber They also needed foreign markets to sell goods Needed to control a region/country to protect raw materials & markets
American Imperialism (Late 1800s – early 1900s) Controversial because of American ideals U.S. was slow to imperialize (many locations had already been colonized) Eventually we needed to actively protect & promote our economic & political interests Policy pursued by President’s McKinley, Roosevelt, Taft, and Wilson.
Motives for Imperialism Economic Desire to make money To expand and control foreign trade Create new markets for products Acquire raw materials and cheap labor Global Competition Nation’s desire to gain power & security Expand territory and compete with other nations Gain prestige by winning colonies Prove military strength
Ideological Based on the belief in superior races Need to “civilize” other people (“White Man’s Burden”) Social Darwinism: only the strongest nations will survive Responsibility to spread Christianity & our culture to inferior peoples
Forms of Colonial Rule Colonies- territory owned & ruled by a foreign power Protectorate – a country that keeps its own government, but under the protection of another nation Sphere of Influence – a territory in which an outside power claims exclusive trading privileges