Presentation on theme: "Origins of Islam Muhammad the prophet Arabian Peninsula –Mecca and Medina Revelations of Muhammad forms the basis of the Islamic religion Monotheistic."— Presentation transcript:
Beliefs, Traditions, and Custioms Monotheism Allah, Arabic word for God Quran (koran) The word of God –Written only in Arabic Acceptance of Judeo-Christian Prophets –Abraham, Moses, and Jesus Five Pillars of Islam
Five Pillars of Islam Faith Pray Almsgiving Fasting during the month of Ramadan Hajj Pilgrimage to Mecca
Geographic influence Diffusion along trade routes from Mecca and Medina Expansion despite great distances, desert environments, and mountain barriers Spread into the Fertile Crescent, Iran, and Central Asia Facilitated by weakening of Byzantine and Persian Empires
Muslim Influences on Economic, social,& political development Arabic language spread with Islam and Facilitated trade across Islamic lands Arabic language stimulated intellectual activity Slavery was not based on race Political unity of the first Muslim empire was short lived.
Historical Turning Points Sunni-Shi’s Division –Split over the question of who should have succeeded Mohammed –Successor of Muhammad –Sunni (Majority) is selected or elected –Shi’s (Minority) successor must be direct descendant of the Prophet’s family Muslim conquest of Jerusalem and Damascus Battle of Tours