2 Indigenous Australians AboriginesCame from Asia 40,000 years agoNomadic hunters and gatherersUsed boomerangs and spears for huntingLived in small family groups, moved in search for food & waterHad strong religious beliefs about nature (Dreamtime)
3 Dreamtime Explains origins & culture of land & people. What do they believe?Before earth was created, everything (water, plants, animals, etc) was shaped by spirit beings that still exist and may appear in many formsStrong connection to the land and believe they are the caretakersPaintings & engravings on rocks are believed to have been done during Dreamtime
10 Arrival of the Europeans 1600s - Dutch sea captain Abel Janszoon Tasman (Tasmania) arrived, but no settlements were established
11 The British are comingBritish captain James Cook explored New Zealand and east coast of Australia.Both were claimed for Britain.
12 The south-Pacific routes of Captain James Cook's voyages The south-Pacific routes of Captain James Cook's voyages. The first voyage is shown in red, second voyage in green, third voyage in blue.
13 First Colony1770s –British set up 1st colony in Australia as penal colony for convicts because of overcrowding in English jails.More than 150,000 prisoners were sent over the next several decades.Why? Due to its remote location far away from Britain
14 Other People in Australia 1850s - Gold Rush brought many people. (ex. Chinese)After WWII many Europeans came to Australia. They came from Italy, Yugoslavia, Greece, Germany.1970s - people fleeing Vietnam War also came to Australia
15 Aborigines TodaySince arrival of Europeans, Aborigines have suffered a great dealPeople forced off landTens of thousands died b/c of European diseases such as smallpoxMany forced to work on sheep stationsThey were demanded to adopt European cultureThose who fought lost b/c of British weapons (guns)200,000 live in Australia now, they have been fighting for their rights, and preserving their culture.