Presentation on theme: "Ch. 3.4 ASIA Please write down the following. Ch. 3.4 China influenced Korea, Japan, and SE. Asia in many ways, such as: –forms of writing –characters,"— Presentation transcript:
Ch. 3.4 ASIA Please write down the following. Ch. 3.4 China influenced Korea, Japan, and SE. Asia in many ways, such as: –forms of writing –characters, poetry, calligraphy –Religion-Confucianism, Buddhism, and Daoism – art – porcelain, iron, and bronze –Medicine –Astronomy –Philosophy –government.
MONGOLS--- GENGHIS KHAN AND MARCO POLO Ch. 4.1 pgs. 138-143 Mongol Empire: In the late AD 1100s, the Mongols became the dominate group in central Asia—Mongolia. (Map125) In AD 1206, the Mongols became the most skilled fighting force in the world. Genghis Khan -also known as Temujin-was recognized as the absolute ruler. Genghis Khan set out to create a larger empire. –Under Genghis Khan, the Mongol army first conquered other nomadic groups on the steppes, which brought in new recruits and money. –In AD1211, the Mongol army of 100,000 horsemen invaded China. Here they gained fighting techniques-gunpowder, storming ladders, battering ram. –Genghis Khan died in 1227, but the Mongol army continued on. During the AD 1230s and 1240s, the Mongol army moved westward conquering Russian territories and into eastern and central Europe. (map page 140) Mongol armies also pushed into the Middle East at this time. –The army used terror and destruction to control the region. Kublai Khan (grandson of Genghis Khan) - conquered Korea and parts of SE Asia; but was unable to conquer Vietnam due to the Rainforests and guerrilla warfare. Do you know of anyone else who had this problem? **The Mongols created the largest land empire in history. Territory extending from China to the frontiers of Western Europe.
EFFECTS of Mongol rule: Brought peace to the region. Advanced the growth of trade and encouraged closer cultural contacts between East and West. Respected the conquered groups of people and learned from them. Some converted to local religions and inter- married. END: By the end of AD 1200s, Mongol territories in Russia, central Asia, Persia, and China developed into separate domains.
Marco Polo in China: Marco Polo, a Venetian, arrived in China in AD 1271 and stayed for 17 years. He brought back with him valuable information on the Chinese ways. He wrote a book about his travels and opened up the Chinese culture to Europeans. Many people were eager to read his book, even though this was before the days of printing.