2 LEGAL AND ILLEGAL DRUGS Proper UseOver-the-counter (OTC) drugs – a medicine that is sold legally in pharmacies and other stores without a doctor’s prescription.Prescription drugs – a drug that can be obtained only with a written order from a doctor and can only be purchased at a pharmacy.By using the instructions on the label or following the doctor’s orders to treat a medical condition, is the proper use of these drugs.
3 LEGAL AND ILLEGAL DRUGS Drug Misuse: the improper use of medicines (prescription or OTC drugs). Examples would be taking more than the prescribed amount or not taking a drug for the correct period of time.Drug Abuse: when a drug is intentionally use improperly or unsafely. Examples would be abusing prescription pain killers or OTC cough medicines to cause a “high”, rather than to treat pain or a cough.
4 DANGERS OF DRUG MISUSE AND ABUSE Side effects – unwanted physical or mental effect cause by a drug.Tolerance – drug use needs increasingly larger amounts of the drug to achieve the original effect.Dependence – the body develops a chemical need for the drug and can’t function normally without it.
5 ex: nausea, vomiting, headaches, fever, paranoia, seizures, death WITHDRAWAL SYMPTOMSgroup of symptoms that occurs upon the abrupt discontinuation/separation or a decrease in dosage of the intake of medications, recreational drugs, and alcohol.**In order to experience the symptoms of withdrawal, one must have first developed a physical/mental dependence “chemical dependency”ex: nausea, vomiting, headaches, fever, paranoia, seizures, death
6 They include family factors, social factors, and personal factors. RISK FACTORSA number of factors make it either more or less likely that a teen will abuse drugs.They include family factors, social factors, and personal factors.*life crisis coping
7 COMMONLY ABUSED DRUGS: Depressants:Slow body functions by decreasing heart and breathing rates and lowering blood pressure.Examples - Barbiturates, Sedatives, Painkillers, Tranquilizers, Opiates, Heroin, Morphine, Codeine, Alcohol, GHBCommon Side effects – poor coordination, slurred speech, blurred vision, nausea, vomiting, impaired judgment, memory problems, and drowsiness
13 COMMONLY ABUSED DRUGS: Marijuana:Most frequently abused psychoactivedrugIts main ingredient changes the way information reaches and is acted upon by the brain.Side Effects – distorted perceptions, difficulties with thinking and problem solving, loss of motor coordination, increased heart rate, anxiety, paranoia
14 COMMONLY ABUSED DRUGS: Club Drugs:Strength and quality of these drugs is unpredictable and their effects are different from person to person and are very dangerous.Some people are unknowing victims of these drugs; they are often referred to as “date-rape” drugs.Examples – Ecstasy, Rohypnol, GHB, Ketamine
16 COMMONLY ABUSED DRUGS: Inhalants:A breathable chemical vapor that produces mind- altering effects.Examples – glue, household cleaners, nail polish remover, markersSide Effects – increased heart rate, depressed brain function, cardiac arrest, suffocation, loss of consciousness, death
17 COMMONLY ABUSED DRUGS: Steroids:Synthetic drugs that are similar to thehormone testosterone.Side Effects in Males – enlarged breasts, sterilitySide Effects in Females – facial hair growth, deepening of voiceOverall Side Effects – stunted growth, mood swings, hair loss, acne
18 CAFFEINE ?The most comprehensive chart of beverage caffeine content online. Find the amount of caffeine in coffee, tea, soft drinks, energy drinks and energy shots.Energy Fiend Caffeine-Database