Presentation on theme: "Days, Years & Seasons. Days and Nights Rotation: the Earth turns around on its axis 1 day=24 hours (one rotation) One half of the Earth is always in light."— Presentation transcript:
What REALLY causes the seasons? The Earth is tilted as it revolves around the sun.
Seasons (summer, fall, winter, spring) The Earth’s axis is tilted 23 1/2 degrees from vertical The tilt is always oriented the same way and causes the four seasons The 23 1/2 degree tilt causes the sunlight to follow a different path across the Earth’s surface
Summer Solstice: June 21 The Earth’s Northern Hemisphere is tilted towards the sun
Summer Solstice More direct energy (heat) enters the atmosphere There is 24 hours of daylight at the North Pole and 24 hours of darkness at the South Pole The longest day of the year Aphelion: the Earth is the farthest from the sun (94 million miles)
Winter Solstice: December 21 The Earth’s Northern Hemisphere is tilted away from the sun
Winter Solstice The sun’s energy (heat) is more concentrated in the Southern Hemisphere There is 24 hours of daylight at the South Pole and 24 hours of darkness at the North Pole The shortest day of the year Perihelion: the Earth is the closest to the sun (91 million miles)
What happens when the Earth is not tilted toward or away from the sun? HERE And… HERE
Equinox The Earth is not tilted toward or away from the sun Spring Equinox: March 21 Fall Equinox: September 21 There are 12 hours of daylight and 12 hours of darkness from the North Pole to the South Pole The distance between the sun and the Northern and Southern Hemispheres of Earth are equal!