2 Oral Tradition Written Tradition Tenach Talmud Torah Neviim Ketuvim MishnahGemaraCollection of oral laws in 6 divisionsAramaic commentary on Mishnah showing its scriptural bases(Teaching)(Prophets)(Writings)613 Mitzot (Commandments)Mitzvah (single commandment)
3 Written Tradition Tenach Rabbis of Yavneh completed compiling of Tenach in 100CE
4 Oral Tradition Talmud Gemara Mishnah Talmud ranks only Completed around 200CECompleted c.500CEIt is an interpretation and development of the TorahTalmud ranks onlysecond in authorityTo the scripturesWritten CEBased on Torah and extended its base to apply to the whole of life in the contemporary world.
5 Talmud Mishnah Gemara Commentary of Rashi (1040 – 1105) Commentary of pupils of RashiMishnahCross reference to MaimonidesCommentary of Rav Nissim GaonGemara
6 Talmud The central text Traditional sources Modern commentary Action SciencePublic policy
7 Midrash (Hebrew) means To searchTo investigateMidrash attempts, through minute examination and interpretation of the Tenach, to bring out the deeper or ethical meaning of the text.
8 MIDRASHCan refer to a particular way of reading and interpreting a biblical verse. Thus we may say that the ancient rabbis provided Midrash to Scripture.
9 MIDRASHCan refer to a book – a compilation of Midrashic teaching. Thus we can say that “Genesis Rabbah” is a book that is a compilation of Midrash readings on the book of Genesis.
10 MIDRASHCan refer to a particular verse and its interpretation. Thus we can say “the Midrash on the verse Genesis 1:1 says that….
11 There are two types of Midrash Midrash HalachahMidrash Aggadah
12 Midrash HalachahAn investigation or explanation of law. This deals mainly with the legal potions of the Torah.
13 Midrash AggadahStories that teach. This deals mainly with the story parts of the writings.
14 Halachah Halachah is a style of writing Aggadah is Another style Jewish Law (Legal tradition)Exampleof this styleof writingFound inTorahMishnahAggadah isAnother styleof writingExampleof this styleof writingFound inAggadahStory telling (non-legal tradition)
15 Halachah Aggadah Jewish Law (Legal tradition) Torah Mishnah Midrash is the method of retelling fundamental stories and their classical themes in ways that speak to the new times.Jewish Law (Legal tradition)TorahMishnahEvery new generation has to midrash its stories (Aggadah)AggadahStory telling (non-legal tradition)Midrash: ancient writings, biblical commentary and interpretation
16 Oral Tradition Written Tradition Halachah Tenach Talmud Aggadah Jewish Law (Legal tradition)Oral TraditionWritten TraditionTenachTalmudNeviimKetuvimTorahMishnahGemaraAggadahStory telling (non-legal tradition)