Presentation on theme: "The Qin and Han Dynasties How do governments change? Chapter 10, Lesson 3."— Presentation transcript:
The Qin and Han Dynasties How do governments change? Chapter 10, Lesson 3
Vocabulary: Ch. 10, Lesson 3 (pg. 292) Civil service Acupuncture Silk road: a network of trade routes Currency
Qin Dynasty Qin family ruled China from 221-206 BC, thus ending the Warring State period. Emperor Qin Shihuangdi was the first emperor of China. Used Legalism to Rule: – –Strict laws and harsh punishments – –Executed opposition and burned books to prevent new ideas Shi Huang-di (259-210 BC) was a cruel ruler who readily killed or banished those who opposed him or his ideas.
Qin Dynasty Shi Huang-di standardized Chinese writing, law, currency, weights and measures. He expanded the Chinese empire, built a system of roads and massive fortifications and palaces. ShiHuangdi buried himself with a life size, clay army. This army was dubbed the Terra Cotta Soldiers. Great Wall is further built Great Wall: The emperor connected and extended the old walls along the north of China to prevent nomadic invasions. https://www.brainpop.com/search/search.weml?keyword=china
Han Dynasty Important Political Facts: Han family ruled 202 BC until A.D. 220 Emperor Han Wudi expanded the territories ruled by China. Adopted Confucian principles, rather than Legalism, to rule China. Civil Service System: selected government officials based on merit; schools were set up to train government officials;
Han Dynasty– Golden Age Contributions: – –Silk – –Cast-Iron Plow – –Paper – –Medicine – –Acupuncture – –Architecture – –Rudder (Ship navigation) – –Silk Road = Cultural Diffusion New technology added to the economic prosperity of the Han era. Contributions made during this time improved trade, farming, and manufacturing.
The Silk Road Network of trade routes Transported expensive goods from China to the West Silk, spices, and other luxury goods Stretched from China to the Mediterranean; 4,000 miles long China came into contact with other civilizations as a result of the Silk Road Silk road spread ideas, such as Buddhism from India to China. https://www.brainpop.com/search/search.weml?keyword=china
Decline of Han Dynasty & Buddhism Emperors after Han Wudi were weak China divided again into small kingdoms for the next 400 years People adopted Buddhism by the 400s AD