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The Qin and Han Dynasties How do governments change? Chapter 10, Lesson 3.

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Presentation on theme: "The Qin and Han Dynasties How do governments change? Chapter 10, Lesson 3."— Presentation transcript:

1 The Qin and Han Dynasties How do governments change? Chapter 10, Lesson 3

2 Vocabulary: Ch. 10, Lesson 3 (pg. 292)  Civil service  Acupuncture  Silk road: a network of trade routes  Currency

3 Qin Dynasty   Qin family ruled China from 221-206 BC, thus ending the Warring State period.   Emperor Qin Shihuangdi was the first emperor of China.   Used Legalism to Rule: – –Strict laws and harsh punishments – –Executed opposition and burned books to prevent new ideas Shi Huang-di (259-210 BC) was a cruel ruler who readily killed or banished those who opposed him or his ideas.

4 Qin Dynasty   Shi Huang-di standardized Chinese writing, law, currency, weights and measures.   He expanded the Chinese empire, built a system of roads and massive fortifications and palaces.   ShiHuangdi buried himself with a life size, clay army. This army was dubbed the Terra Cotta Soldiers.   Great Wall is further built Great Wall: The emperor connected and extended the old walls along the north of China to prevent nomadic invasions. https://www.brainpop.com/search/search.weml?keyword=china

5 Han Dynasty Important Political Facts:   Han family ruled 202 BC until A.D. 220   Emperor Han Wudi expanded the territories ruled by China.   Adopted Confucian principles, rather than Legalism, to rule China.   Civil Service System: selected government officials based on merit; schools were set up to train government officials;

6 Han Dynasty– Golden Age  Contributions: – –Silk – –Cast-Iron Plow – –Paper – –Medicine – –Acupuncture – –Architecture – –Rudder (Ship navigation) – –Silk Road = Cultural Diffusion New technology added to the economic prosperity of the Han era. Contributions made during this time improved trade, farming, and manufacturing.

7 The Silk Road   Network of trade routes   Transported expensive goods from China to the West   Silk, spices, and other luxury goods   Stretched from China to the Mediterranean; 4,000 miles long   China came into contact with other civilizations as a result of the Silk Road   Silk road spread ideas, such as Buddhism from India to China. https://www.brainpop.com/search/search.weml?keyword=china

8 Decline of Han Dynasty & Buddhism   Emperors after Han Wudi were weak   China divided again into small kingdoms for the next 400 years   People adopted Buddhism by the 400s AD


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