Presentation on theme: "Population Geography Migration. 5 in 5 1. A _______ causes a person to leave a place and relocate to a new one. 2. A _______ causes a person to want to."— Presentation transcript:
5 in 5 1. A _______ causes a person to leave a place and relocate to a new one. 2. A _______ causes a person to want to relocate to a new area. 3. _______ is when there are too many people that an area can sustain. 4. _______ is when a person can not grow the same amount of food as before. 5. ______ is migration FROM a location.
Push Factor - Agricultural Decline Agricultural decline means a person cannot grow as much food on the same amount of land as they once could. Over time land becomes less fertile and people have to move.
Push Factor - Conflict People flee from wars. These people are known as refugees. There are many refugee camps in Africa due to a long history of civil war in many countries.
Push Factor - Political Persecution Political persecution means that people are punished when they disagree with the government. This happens most in dictatorships or communist countries. People have migrated from China and Cuba because of political persecution.
Push Factor - Limits on Freedom Communist countries often limit personal freedom. People cannot listen to certain music, watch certain television shows, or even say things bad about the government.
Push Factor - Environmental Degradation Deforestation Desertification - An expansion of arid conditions into non-arid regions. This is a problem in the Sahel, a region near the Sahara Desert in North Africa.
Click here to see desertification video from youtube.
Pull Factors Religious Freedom Economic Opportunity Land Availability Political Freedom Ethnic and Family Ties Arable Land
Types of Migration International Migration - This is when someone moves from one country to another country Internal Migration - This is when someone moves within the same country
Intervening Obstacles An intervening obstacle is an environmental or cultural feature that hinders someone from migration. This means that people don’t always go to their desired destination.
Intervening Obstacles In the past, intervening obstacles were primarily environmental. Before the invention of modern transportation systems such as railroads people migrated by horse or on foot. What type of obstacles might hinder their progress?
Where do people migrate to? Developed countries receive the most immigrants in the world. Countries such as the United States, Germany, France, and the United Kingdom attract immigrants because there are jobs.
Guest Workers Sometimes due to strict immigration laws people are assigned guest worker status. They are not legal citizens but they are protected by the law. The Middle East and Europe has strong guest worker programs.
Impact of Immigration Language Religion and Religious Freedom Customs/Traditions Cultural Landscape