NOUN A noun is a person, place, thing, or idea. Person: Casey, Caroline, teacher Place: Bird Middle School, Walpole Thing: ipod, book, rain, nail polish Idea: love, integrity, freedom, luck
Pronouns A pronoun is a word used in place of one or more nouns. Personal Pronouns: I, me, mine, you, him, her, ours… Reflective & Intensive Pronouns: myself, ourselves, himself, herself, itself...
Adjectives An adjective is a word used to modify a noun or pronoun. Ex. The girl is wearing jeans. The girl is wearing worn, ripped, jeans.
Verb A verb is a word used to express action or a state of being. Types of Verbs: action verb (jump), transitive and intransitive verb (held and played), and linking verbs (am).
Adverb An adverb is a word used to modify a verb, an adjective, or another adverb. Hint: many adverbs end in “ly”. Ex. Suddenly, carefully, nearby, promptly, quickly, fast, here…
Prepositions A preposition is a word used to show the relationship of a noun or a pronoun to another word in the sentence. Aboard, about, after, against, along, among, around, at, behind, below, between, down, during, for, from, in, into, inside, like, near, of, off, on, over, out, through, towards, up, until, upon, with, within, without….
Interjections An interjection is a word used to express emotion. It does not have a grammatical relation to other words in the sentence. Interjections show excitement and emotion and are usually followed by and exclamation point, or by a comma when the feeling’s not a strong. Ex. Ow!, Yay!, Wow,…
Conjunction A conjunction is a word used to join words or groups of words. Ex. And, but, or, nor, for, so, yet… Both girls and boys went to the park for a picnic.
Compliments A compliment is a word or group of words that completes the meaning of a verb
Direct Objects A direct object is a noun or pronoun that receives the action of the verb or shows the results of an action. A direct object tells what or whom after an action verb. Ex. She sent a picture to her grandmother. She sent what? She sent a picture.
Indirect Objects An indirect object is a noun or pronoun that comes between the action verb and the direct object and tells to what and to whom or for what or for whom the action of the verb is done. Ex. She sent a picture to her grandmother. To whom? To her grandmother.
Predicate Nominatives A predicate nominative is a noun or pronoun that follows a linking verb and identifies the subject or refers to it. Ex. The music on the radio is rock. The predicate nominative is rock because the subject is music and “on the radio” is a prepositional phrase.
Predicate Adjectives A predicate adjective is an adjective that follows a linking verb and describes the subject. Ex. Her hair is dirty blonde. The predicate adjective is dirty blonde because it is describing the subject, hair.