2 Preview QuestionsHow did African Americans approach civil rights in the 1920’s?What was the Harlem Renaissance?
3 I. African American Voices Great MigrationEconomic discriminationRacial tension and riots
4 I. African American Voices NAACPWork to end racial violenceFight for anti-lynching lawsJames Weldon JohnsonAnti-Lynching Crusader
5 I. African American Voices Marcus GarveySeparate societyFounded UNIAUrged return to Africa
6 II. The Harlem Renaissance What Was It?Literary movementArtistic movementCelebrated black cultureLed by middle-class African-AmericansHarlem was the largest black urban community in the 1920’s
7 II. The Harlem Renaissance LiteraturePride and perilsCelebrated heritageHughes: Lives of working classHurston: Lives of Southern poor
8 “I, Too, Sing America” by Langston Hughes Tomorrow, I'll be at the table When company comes. Nobody'll dare Say to me, "Eat in the kitchen," Then. Besides, They'll see how beautiful I am And be ashamed-- I, too, am America.I, too, sing America.I am the darker brother. They send me to eat in the kitchen When company comes, But I laugh, And eat well, And grow strong.
9 II. The Harlem Renaissance JazzBlended rag & bluesLouis ArmstrongDuke EllingtonBessie Smith