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Plate Tectonics.

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Presentation on theme: "Plate Tectonics."— Presentation transcript:

1 Plate Tectonics

2 Breakdown of the Earth Composition Structure Crust Mantle Core
Lithosphere Asthenosphere Mesosphere Outer Core Inner Core

3 Crust Crust Continental Crust Oceanic Crust Outer most layer
5 – 100 km thick Less than 1% of Earth’s mass Continental Crust Minerals similar to granite, Less dense Average thickness 30 km Oceanic Crust Similar to basalt 5 – 8 km thick

4 Mantle Mantle Lithosphere: “rock sphere” Found between crust and core
2,900 km thick, 67% of Earth’s mass Contains iron and magnesium, similar to the mineral Olivine Lithosphere: “rock sphere” Outermost rigid layer 15 – 300 km thick Made of crust and upper part of mantle Divided into pieces known as “tectonic plates”

5 Mantle Asthenosphere: “weak sphere” Mesosphere: “middle sphere”
Soft putty layer on which the lithosphere moves upon 250 km thick Mesosphere: “middle sphere” Lower Mantle Strong interior structure 2,550 km thick

6 Core Core Outer core Inner core
Comprised of iron, nickel, sulfur and oxygen 3,428 km thick Outer core Liquid layer 2,200 km thick Inner core Solid layer 1,228 km thick

7 Liquid Rock of the Core Pressure allows rock to be solid
Outer core has less pressure and is able to spread out and become liquid. Class example

8 Tectonic Plates Pieces of the lithosphere that move on top of the asthenosphere

9 How do scientists know about the structure of the Earth’s interior?
Measure different speed at which seismic waves travel. Drilled to the center of the earth Volcanoes allow us to see into the Earth Viewed satellite images from space

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