DOMINATION BY ONE COUNTRY OVER ANOTHER COUNTRY’S POLITICAL, ECONOMIC, & CULTURAL LIFE TERRITORY OWNED AND RULED BY ANOTHER COUNTRY EITHER DIRECTLY OR INDIRECTLY A NATION AND ITS RULER ARE UNDER THE PROTECTION OF ANOTHER NATION (Which means the stronger nation has a fair amount of control over the weaker) AN AREA IN WHICH A STRONG COUNTRY GAINS SPECIAL TRADING PRIVILEGES TO TAKE POSSESSION OF – TO TAKE OVER
Brief Review of Imperialism from a World Perspective Old Imperialism (16 th Century) –Post Columbus, Europeans conquered the New World –Partially possible because the Native Americans … … died from a lack of immunities to European diseases End of Old Imperialism –Old Imperialism ended when New World Colonies fought for independence from Europe 1800s First New World Colony to get its independence? –America- American Revolution
Old Imperialism… 1500s Q- Why do we see this pattern? A- primarily DISEASE!!!
100 years after the Europeans lost control of the New World they conquered the Old World Africa and Asia Largely due to the Industrial Revolution –Quinine –iron-hulled steam boats –machine guns New Imperialism (19th Century)
In the 19 th Century, America had become a leading Industrial Nation Would it join New Imperialism? –Arguments for: Play with the ‘big boys’ brings wealth and power –Arguments against: America was founded as a rejection of Imperialism –American Revolution – anti-British Imperialism If we imperialize, aren’t we rejecting our ideals? We’ve reached a natural border- the Pacific. Isn’t this a good place to stop?
(AKA) Why we imperialized and how we justified it…
The U.S. acted as a policeman on the continents of America Monroe Doctrine: President Monroe’s foreign policy, warned Europeans not to get involved in the affairs of countries in the Western Hemisphere (Latin America) Roosevelt Corollary to the Monroe Doctrine: President Theodore Roosevelt added this to the Monroe Doctrine It supported U.S. intervention in the Western Hemisphere (Latin America) In theory, we would intervene in South America to help them (say, if an evil leader took over) In many cases, however, we used this as an excuse to intervene to support our own interests Manifest Destiny: The belief that the U.S. was superior and had the right to expand in North America Once we reached the Pacific Ocean, Manifest Destiny still inspired the U.S. towards expansionism
Trade: The U.S. needed new markets to trade with and resources to expand the growing industrial nation Gain new land for military use and to show the military power of the U.S. to the rest of the world
Moral Diplomacy: moral responsibility to deny recognition to any oppressive, undemocratic, or anti-American government Started by President Wilson, applied to Western Hemisphere The White Man’s Burden: The belief that it is the white man’s duty to “civilize” the world Protectorate: to help or protect a “new” country become a democracy and in turn support the U.S. To spread American beliefs and Christianity to “uncivilized” peoples