4 Conflicts in the Ohio Valley French traders made large profits (money left over after a business pays its costs) in the Ohio Valley.Native Americans fursBritish traders made profits from trading with Native Americans, too.Colonies growing wanted lands in OH Valley to farm and settle
5 Conflicts in the Ohio Valley Native Americans traded for European goods.Cloth, iron tools, gunsBegan to depend on these goodsNative Americans traded with both the French and British.Others traded with only one European group.
6 Conflicts in the Ohio Valley Forced to choose sides as conflicts grew between the British and FrenchWould have to decide if they wanted to stay in the OH Valley or flee to escape war
7 War Breaks OutEarly 1750s French began building forts in the eastern OH ValleySent soldiers to drive the British out of the regionBritish viewed this as an act of war.
8 The First Battle 1754 British sent 150 soldiers to the OH Valley Led by George WashingtonYoung officer from the British colony of VirginiaVirginians planned to attack Fort Duquesne (French fort)They defeated a small group of French soldiers and their Native American allies.Allies people or groups that join together for a common cause
9 The First Battle Washington feared a larger attack. Virginians quickly built Fort Necessity.Attacked and Washington was defeatedThe French allowed the Virginians to leave.These events marked the start of the French and Indian War.
10 The First BattleBy 1756, the French and Indian War had become part of a larger conflict.The Seven Years’ WarFrench and British began fighting each other in Europe and Asia as well.
11 Forming AlliancesMost Native Americans who stayed in the Ohio Valley formed alliances with the French or the British.Alliance a formal agreement among groups or individualsAlgonquian tribes = FrenchFeared British colonists would drive them from their landsWanted to fight against the IroquoisIroquois = British
12 Early Defeats for Britain April 1755 British General Edward Braddock led 1,800 soldiers to attack Fort Duquesne.British were trained to fight in open fields.They soon learned French soldiers fought like their Native American alliesHid in the forests and fried from behind trees and rocksThis way of fighting took British by surprise.General Braddock was killed in battle.
14 The Fall of New France Britain sent more soldiers to the colonies. By 1758, they began winning the war.Captured several French fortsDefeated the French at Quebec and MontrealBritish were too strong despite Spanish-French alliance1763 French surrendered and signed the Treaty of ParisTreaty an agreement between nations about peace, trade, or other matters
16 A Troubled FrontierThe French lost nearly all their lands in North America as a result of the Treaty of Paris.French land east of Mississippi River to BritainSpain gave Florida to Britain but gained all French lands west of the Mississippi RiverBritish colonists eager to settle in the frontier (lands beyond settled areas)Native Americans hoped British would protect their land.Summary (start 10:12)
18 The Proclamation of 17631763 an Ottawa chief named Pontiac united tribes in the Ohio Valley regionTribes attacked British settlements and fortsPontiac’s RebellionRebellion a fight against a government
19 The Proclamation of 1763British King George III tried to end the fighting between the Native Americans and colonists.1763 made a proclamation (public announcement) that all lands west of the Appalachian Mountains belonged to the Native AmericansSettlers there were told to leave.Most ignored the king’s proclamation and conflict continued.
21 Paying for the War British leaders needed more money: To pay for the warTo defend and control their North American landsThe British government decided that the colonists should help pay these costs.1764 the British government ordered the colonists to pay more taxesTax money a government collects from citizensColonists grew angry with the British government for raising taxes.