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Unit: New Imperialism Topic: The British Take Over Africa
1. Cape Town
In the mid-1600s, the Dutch establish-ed the Cape Town settlement in South Africa.
The Dutch farmers who settled in Cape Town were called Boers; the Boers kicked out or enslaved many Africans.
The Zulus were an African tribe that the Boers pushed out of South Africa.In the 1800s, Shaka Zulu emerged as their very powerful leader, fighting the Boers whenever possible.
2. Goodbye, Boers!
In 1815, Cape Town passed from the Dutch to the British; many Boers resented British laws abolishing slavery.
The Boers packed up and headed north, establishing separate Boer republics.
This was called the “Great Trek.”
3. The Boer War
In the late 1800s, the discovery of gold and diamonds in the Boer republics set off the Boer War - the British fought the Dutch for their rich land.
The British won the Boer War, but at great cost.
The term “concentration camp” was first used to describe British POW camps, which included women and children.
4. South Africa
In 1910, the British united Cape Town and the former Boer republics into the Union of South Africa.
The British set up a gov’t run by whites and segregated South Africa (apartheid), which lasted until 1993.
The Seeds of Racism in South Africa
The Partition of Africa
The Seeds of Racism in South Africa Why did the Afrikaner National Party create apartheid in 1948? Why did whites support racist ideas?
Question 1 Name the conference that European countries came together to lay claims on Africa? A. Vienna Conference B. Berlin Conference C. London Conference.
CH 21, sect. 2 PP Notes East Africa: Both Germany and Great Britain tried to control this area. Germany wanted to develop colonies, Britain wanted.
C. The Scramble for Africa C. The Scramble for Africa 1. King Leopold of Belgium a. 1870’s, sent a mission into the interior of Africa *Establish trade.
Scramble for Africa.
Imp #3: South Africa 1.What is imperialism? 2.List 2 motives behind imperialism. 3.List 2 European advantages over Africans (such as inventions, technology,
How do the British create the Union of South Africa?
WARM UP GRAB A BOOK & Turn to page 998 Read “Nelson Mandela: Glory and Hope” Complete the 3 “Analyzing Primary Resources” Questions at the bottom TURN.
IMPERIALISM SOUTH AFRICA. THE DUTCH CAPE COLONY 1652 Established 1652 to resupply ships Boers(Dutch for “farmers”) take over Africans’ land & estab. Large.
Imperialism in South Africa:. In 1652, a European settlement was established by the Dutch East India Company at the Cape of Good Hope. At first, it.
African Resistance The Boer War. History of the Boers 1. The Dutch came to the Cape of Good Hope in 1652 to establish a way station. 1. The Dutch came.
EQ: What type of imperial rule was established in Africa and what were the effects? Key Terms: Berlin Conference, CapeTown, Boers, Great Trek, Boer War,
South Africa A Collision of Cultures Two African Two European And One Asian.
South Africa: a history of separation and apartheid: Unit 2: Migrations of people.
Imperialism in Africa Part II. Imperialism Part II – Where? I.West and Central Africa A. The Congo 1. Stanley convinced King Leopold of Belgium to begin.
Background The British living in the Boer area are taxed more heavily and they get mad. The Boers and British wind up fighting each other in the Boer.
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