Presentation on theme: "Lockerley C of E Primary School KS1 and Foundation Stage Phonics September 2015."— Presentation transcript:
Lockerley C of E Primary School KS1 and Foundation Stage Phonics September 2015
Hopefully by the end you will… Greater understanding of ‘Letters and Sounds’. Knowledge of the structure of our Phonics sessions. Understanding of some of the terminology. Gather some ideas and techniques to support children at home.
What is Phonics? Skills of segmentation and blending Knowledge of alphabetical code Identifying sounds in words Recognising common spellings of each phoneme Blending phonemes in reading Segmenting phonemes in spelling
Phonics * Phoneme – the smallest single identifiable sound, e.g. ‘sh’ – one sound. * Grapheme - a letter or a group of letters representing one sound. * CVC / VC / CV / CVCC / CCVC – Consonant / Vowel e.g. cat, is, to, frog, duck * Digraph / vowel digraph – two letters making one sound / two vowels that make one sound. * Segment - to split up a word into its individual phonemes in order to spell it, e.g. the word 'cat' has three phonemes: /c/, /a/, /t/
Phase 1 Phase 1 has 7 “Aspects” which develop a wide range of listening skills. Games for the whole class or groups with different activities to help children identify sounds, remember sounds and talk about sounds. Environmental sounds, instrumental sounds, body percussion, rhythm and rhyme, alliteration, voice sounds and oral blending and segmenting.
Phonics Lessons Phonics is taught every day in a discreet 20 minute lesson. It is structured in the same way in each lesson and in every class. Revisit and review what has been learnt before. Teach a new letter or key focus for the lesson. Practice what the children have been taught – reading or spelling with the new letter. Applying what they have been taught – reading or writing words, captions or sentences.
Phase 2 19 letters of the alphabet – mostly comprising of one letter Phonemes are introduced in groups e.g. s a t p i n Blending for reading and segmenting for spelling. Tricky words
Cued Articulation All 44 sounds (phonemes) of the English phonological system have a separate hand sign which is related to where and how in the mouth the sounds are made. Cued articulation is not a sign language
Phase 3 25 new graphemes – mostly two letters e.g. ai, sh, ch Purpose of this phase – consolidate children’s knowledge of graphemes in reading and spelling words. Sound buttons
Phase 4 Short phase which can be taught alongside phase 3 and phase 5 Two letters e.g. ai, sh, ch CVC blending and segmenting
Phase 5 Able to represent 44 phonemes. Two letters e.g. ay, ou, ea CVC blending and segmenting Alternative pronunciations e.g. tin, wild Alternative spellings e.g. train and eight
Phase 6 Reading familiar words automatically Decoding words quickly and silently through an established sounding and blending routine. Children become fluent readers and accurate spellers.
Homework to Support Phonics Reading Phonics play www.phonicsplay.co.ukwww.phonicsplay.co.uk Learning letter sounds and word building Year R Spellings – Year 1 and Year 2
Ways to Support your Child Provide appropriate support and encouragement with homework Hear your child read regularly and write a positive comment in the reading diary Encourage joined handwriting