Presentation on theme: "The Road to the Constitution: Making Compromises Compromise: a settlement of differences by using give and take strategies to reach a blending of two or."— Presentation transcript:
The Road to the Constitution: Making Compromises Compromise: a settlement of differences by using give and take strategies to reach a blending of two or more ideas
The Rules of the Convention The delegates agreed that Washington would lead the convention. Delegates from at least 7 states must be present in order reach an agreement. All discussions within the convention were to be kept confidential.
Who was missing? Representatives from one state were missing. Which state did not send a delegate to the convention? Rhode Island did not because they opposed a stronger central government.
The Great Compromise Problem: How to determine the number of representatives per state? Solution: A bicameral (two chambered) Congress. The House of Representatives is based upon state population and the Senate has a set number of representatives per state.
Three-Fifths Compromise Problem: Should slaves be included in the population count when determining representatives? Solution: Three-Fifths of the states slave population will be included in the total population.
Slave Trade Compromise Problem: Northern states wanted to limit the number of slaves in America and the Southern states wanted no limits because their economy and lifestyle was dependent on slavery. Solutions: The slave trade will continue for 20 years and then national government will be able to ban or limit slave importation.
Commerce Compromise Problem: Taxing exports makes U.S. products harder to sell and taxing imports made foreign products more expensive. Solution: The federal government can tax imports but not exports.
Election Compromise Problem: Some felt that Congress should elect the president while others thought the people should vote on the president. Solution: The Electoral College was created. The Electoral College is a group of people named by each state legislature to select the president and vice president