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Latin America’s Physical Geography Unit 8 Notes Name: ___________________.

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Presentation on theme: "Latin America’s Physical Geography Unit 8 Notes Name: ___________________."— Presentation transcript:

1 Latin America’s Physical Geography Unit 8 Notes Name: ___________________

2 Latin America is divided into three regions:  Mexico and Central America  Caribbean  South America

3 Mexico and Central America  2,500 miles (about as wide as the US)  mountains dominate the region part of a huge system that extends from Canada, through the US, and all the way to the tip of South America  central plateau in Mexico also called the Mexican Plateau lies between Sierra Madre mountains and makes up more than half the country’s area  Central America is an Isthmus. isthmus = a narrow strip of land that has water on both sides and joins two larger bodies of water many volcanoes in Central America, as a result, their soil is fertile and many people farm lands

4 Mexican Plateau

5 Gulf of Mexico  Used for shipping goods in LA & US  bordered by the US (N), Mexico (S) and Cuba (E)

6 Sierra Madre Mountains  mountain system in Mexico  three major chains: the Sierra Madre Occidental in the west, the Sierra Madre Oriental in the east, and the Sierra Madre del Sur, which extends along the southern coast The Sierra Madre range contains some of the highest mountains and volcanoes in Mexico.

7 Sierra Madre Mountains

8 Mexico and Central America

9 Panama Canal

10  canal across the isthmus of Panama in Central America  handles a large volume of world shipping and enables ships to avoid traveling around South America, reducing their voyages by thousands of miles and many days. consists of artificially created lakes, channels, and a series of locks, or water-filled chambers, that raise and lower ships through the mountainous terrain of central Panama

11 Caribbean  small islands are made of coral skeletons of tiny sea animals, rock-like substance  larger islands are tops of underwater mountains examples: Cuba, Jamaica

12 Caribbean Sea  a major trade route for Latin American countries  a popular resort area—noted for its mild tropical climate and beautiful waters

13 South America  Andes Mountains—4,500 miles along west coast They rise at some points to 20,000 feet—same height as twenty 100 story buildings stacked on top of each other 2 nd largest mountains; Himalayas are the 1st

14 Andes

15  Amazon River Basin—contains the largest tropical rain forest (Amazon Rain Forest) in the world

16 Amazon Rain Forest

17 South America  Atacama Desert (Chile)—one of the driest places on earth; very little rainfall between the Pacific Ocean and the Andes Mountains

18 Atacama Desert

19 South America—Water  Rivers serve as natural highways where it’s hard to build roads provide food and hydroelectric power  Amazon River—2 nd largest river in the world (1 st --Nile River) 4,000 miles from Peru across to Atlantic Ocean contains 20% of all fresh water in the world

20 Amazon River—view from space


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