4 Vocabulary Terms Explorer Leif Erikkson Vinland The Silk Road Marco PoloPrince Henry the NavigatorCaravelBartholomeu DiasVasco da GamaChristopher ColumbusKing John of PortugalQueen Isabella and King FerdinandVasco Nunez de BalboaIsthmus of PanamaFerdinand MagellanCircumnavigateAmerigo Vespucci
6 The Earliest Explorers Leif Erikson (aka The Viking!) - Eriksson, Ericson, Leif the Lucky- Believed to be the first European to reach North American soil, called Vinland, in 1000 A.D. - Converted to Christianity by King Olaf I with a mission to spread the word of ChristVideo: Leif Erikkson (3:32)
8 Spices and LuxuriesTrade route/s from Eastern Europe (present day Turkey) to ChinaOver 4,000 miles and very dangerous!Increased commerce ($$$) between many important kingdoms and empiresHelped spread new ideas, cultures, inventions, and unique productsAlso spread disease like the bubonic plague, otherwise known as the Black DeathTraded silk cloth, prized for softness and luxuryChina = “land of silk”Traded teas, salt, sugar, porcelain, carpets, and spices – mostly expensive “high-end” products, as well as cotton, ivory, wool, gold, and silverTraveled in large caravans with many guardsMarco Polo one of the most well-known explorersItalian merchant who traveled the Silk Road most of his life1254 to 1324
10 Prince Henry Bartholomeu Dias Vasco da Gama The PortuguesePrince Henry Bartholomeu Dias Vasco da Gama
11 Prince Henry the Navigator Established a school for the study of the arts of navigation, mapmaking, and shipbuildingDesigned the caravel, a lighter and faster shipPersuaded his captains to sail beyond the “Green Sea of Darkness”Sought new sources of gold while mapping western AfricaGoal of spreading Christianity to western Africa
19 The Spanish Explorers Christopher Columbus 1492 Rejected by his friend, King John of PortugalSought a new trade route to ChinaSailed for King Ferdinand and Queen Isabella of Spain“Discovered” many of the Caribbean Islands, South America, and Central America
20 Vasco NÚÑEZde Balboa1513 – Additional exploration of the Caribbean SeaDiscovered the Isthmus of Panama, the small strip of land that connects Central America and South America, which then led to his discovery of the Pacific OceanYou Tube: Vasco Nunez de Balboa (1:31)Isthmus of Panama
21 You Tube: Animaniacs: Ballad of Magellen Ferdinand Magellan1519Led the first expedition to circumnavigate the worldSailed through the Straits of Magellan and into the Pacific OceanYou Tube: Animaniacs: Ballad of Magellen
22 Amerigo VespucciColumbus had already “discovered” several Caribbean and Central American islandsEarly accounts of Vespucci’s voyages, now believed to have been forgeries, had quickly spread throughout EuropeIn 1507, using these letters as his guide, a German cartographer created a new map, naming the territory now known as South America in Vespucci’s honorFor the first time, the word “America” was in print.
23 Review & DiscussionWhat problem might there be with using Viking myths as historical sources?What was the importance of the Silk Road?Why would explorers take such dangerous risks?What were some of their fears or obstacles? Dangers?How did the achievements of Balboa and Magellan change the way in which people viewed the world?Why do you think coastal European countries, such as Spain and Portugal, sent explorers to North America, but inland countries did not?Who funded these explorations? Why?Why were Europeans unaware of what they might find on their voyages of discovery? What do we know now that they wouldn’t have known then?