Presentation on theme: "An Age of Explorations and Isolations,"— Presentation transcript:
1 An Age of Explorations and Isolations, 1400-1800 Chapter 19An Age of Explorations and Isolations,
2 Chapter 19 Section 1- Europeans Explore the East European exploration was an important step toward the global interaction that exists today.The Renaissance spirit of adventure prompted Europeans to explore the world around them.
3 Why Explore? Grow rich and spread Christianity. “God, Glory, and Gold” The desire for new sources of wealth was the main reason for European exploration.Traders looking to capitalize on the growing demand for spices/luxury goods from Asia. (nutmeg, ginger, cinnamon, and pepper)
5 To Asia via the Ocean…Finding a direct sea route to Asia enabled Europeans to “cut out the middle man”Technology makes sailing easier with the caravel. (ship better suited to sail against the wind)Portugal the first European country to establish trading outposts along Africa.
6 PortugalPortugal takes the lead in overseas exploration due to strong government support.Prince Henry promoted Portuguese exploration and earned the title “The Navigator”.
8 Impact of Prince HenryBy the time Henry died in 1460, the Portuguese had established a series of trading ports along western Africa’s shores.Traded profitable items such as gold and ivory. What’s next?
9 Other Portuguese Explorers Bartolomeu Dias reaches the Southeastern coast of Africa. (1488)Vasco da Gama reaches India in 1497.The cargo that da Gama brought back was worth 60 times the cost of the voyage. (pepper, cinnamon)
11 Enter the Spanish…The Spanish joined the Portuguese in overseas exploration.1492 Christopher Columbus reaches an island in the Caribbean.Voyage would open the way for European colonization of the Americas
12 TensionsImmediate impact was the increase of tensions between Spain and Portugal.In 1494, Spain and Portugal sign the Treaty of Tordesillas.
13 Chapter 19 Section 2Advances under Ming/Qing dynasties left China uninterested in European contact.China resisted interaction with outsiders to preserve their culture.China becomes dominate power under the Ming Dynasty. ( )
14 The Ming Dynasty Hongwu (1368-1398) Drove Mongols out of China. 1st Ming EmperorReforms aimed at promoting China’s power and prosperity. (agriculture)Had problems later in rule. (Suspected plots, killed thousands of governmental officials)
15 The Ming Dynasty Yonglo (Hongwu’s son) Continued Hongwu’s policies. Moved Royal Court to BeijingBefore the Europeans in 1405, Yonglo led 7 voyages to show the power of the Ming dynasty. (1488-Dias, 1498-Gama)
16 Voyages of Zheng HeChinese Muslim admiral that led the 7 voyages under Yonglo.Voyages involved as many as 300 ships and crews numbered 27,000 or more.The fleet sailed from port to port along the Indian Ocean.After the 7th voyage in 1433, China withdrew into isolation
18 Fall of the Ming Dynasty By 1600, the Ming had ruled for more than 200 years, and the dynasty was weakening.Problems (ineffective rulers, corrupt officials, government out of money)In 1644, the Manchus invaded China and the Ming Dynasty collapsed.
19 Qing DynastyThey took a Chinese name for their dynasty, the Qing dynasty.Qing dynasty would rule for more than 260 years and expand China’s border.The Qing upheld China’s traditional Confucian beliefs and social structures.
20 Chinese IsolationTo the Chinese, their country had been the cultural center of the universe for 2,000 years.If foreign states wished to trade with China, they would have to follow China’s rules.