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The Constitution is the document that the United States is governed by. (A list of all the laws)

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Presentation on theme: "The Constitution is the document that the United States is governed by. (A list of all the laws)"— Presentation transcript:

1 The Constitution is the document that the United States is governed by. (A list of all the laws)

2 Americans felt they deserved all the rights of Englishmen. The British felt the colonies were created to be used in the way that best suited the king and parliament.

3 Colonies wanted representation in Parliament before being taxed “No taxation without representation.”

4 The American Revolution began in 1775 between 13 colonies and Great Britain.

5 Government “by the people” is called Democracy

6 Declaration of Independence Thomas Jefferson wrote the first draft

7 Declaration of Independence Unalienable rights are "life, liberty, and pursuit of happiness"

8 George Washington was the first official president of the United States

9 Articles of Confederation were the first national constitution.

10 Articles of Confederation were too weak. Congress could not force states to obey the central government's policies.

11 Virginia Plan- both houses of Congress based on population.

12 New Jersey Plan- called for all states to have equal representation in Congress.

13 Great Compromise- two houses of Congress, the Senate and the House of Representatives. – Senate = two senators from each state. – House= each state’s representatives based off population.

14 Amendment A change to the Constitution

15 27 Total amount of amendments

16 Bill of Rights First 10 amendments to Constitution

17 1 st amendment- Freedom of speech, press, religion, petition, assemble 15th amendment-gave Black males the right to vote 19 th amendment-gave women the right to vote 26 th amendment-gave 18 year olds the right to vote

18 Preamble Introduction to the constitution

19 Articles Seven original sections of Constitution that discuss rules and procedures

20 Article #2 About the executive branch

21 Article #3 About legislative branch of government

22 Legislative Branch Makes the laws Includes Senate and House of Representatives

23 Bicameral Means “2 houses” and refers to the House of Representatives and the Senate

24 Congress Means the House of Representatives plus the Senate Can declare war

25 435 Total amount of people in the House of Representatives

26 100 Total amount of Senators – 2 senators per state

27 2 Years Term of office of a U.S. Representative

28 6 years Length of a U.S. Senator’s term in office

29 Judicial Branch Branch of the central government that decides if a law is constitutional

30 Judicial Review Allows the federal court system to rule on both the constitutionality and meaning of a federal law.

31 Marbury vs. Madison Court Case that established judicial review

32 Supreme Court Has 9 judges Serve for life Appointed by President Decides if laws follow the Constitution or not.

33 Chief Justice Leader of Supreme Court – Now it is John Roberts

34 Executive Branch Enforces the laws White House/The President

35 Requirements of President 35 years of age, a resident "within the United States" for 14 years, and a "natural born Citizen."

36 President’s Term 4 years per term – May serve a maximum of 10 years – May serve a total of 2 terms

37 Treaties Made by the President

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