Presentation on theme: "The Struggle for Equality. Path to Abolishing Slavery The Constitutional Convention would have failed without a compromise on slavery. Counted slaves."— Presentation transcript:
Dred Scott Case 1857 A Slave from South Traveled and lived in North –Slavery was illegal in this territory After coming back to Missouri, Scott argued he should be free Court ruled that according to the Constitution – Slaves were property
When the Constitution was written, only white men had the right to vote. Women also did not have many other rights such as the right to own property or to be educated for certain jobs.
As time passed, many people came to feel that this was unfair and that women should have the same rights as men in our country. Women’s suffrage (right to vote) became an organized movement in 1848 at a convention in New York.
Susan B. Anthony born: 2/15/1820 From: Adams,MA 1871 Arrested for voting in a presidential election Her speech, “We, the people, not we, the white male citizens, nor yet we, the male citizens……..”
Elizabeth Cady Stanton In 1851 Stanton met Susan B. Anthony and for the next fifty years they worked together. Stanton wrote and gave speeches Anthony organized and campaigned to achieve these goals.
Lucretia Mott Lucretia Mott helped to organize and call together the first women's rights convention in Seneca Falls, New York in July of 1848.
Seneca Falls Convention “We hold these truths to be self evident…..that all men AND WOMEN are created equal” 1848
Sojourner Truth Truth became a speaker on women's rights issues after attending a Women's Rights Convention in 1850.
19 th Amendment 1920 Finally after years of hard work, women earned the right to vote
26 th Amendment 1971 Lowered voting age from 21 to 18 If you are old enough to die for your country – you should be able to vote
14 th Amendment’s principle of EQUAL PROTECTION Equal Protection –Means that people must be treated fairly – –it does not mean that everyone must be treated in exactly the same way.
The banks right to not have to give a loan to everyone who applies for one. BUT Can’t base it on race, gender, or age.
Segregation Separation of blacks and whites in public places Laws of segregation were passed after 14 th amendment granted citizenship Did segregation violate the principle of equal protection under the law?
Plessy v. Ferguson 1896 Homer Plessy Refused to leave a “whites only” railroad car Court said that separate but equal standards did not violate the 14 th amendment
Thurgood Marshall 1950’s Can they really be equal and separate? NAACP (National Advancement of Colored People) First African American on Supreme Court
Brown v. Board of Education 1954 Linda Brown –7 blocks from white school –21 blocks from African American school Supreme Court Case Separate facilities are inherently unequal – students made to feel inferior Overturned Plessy v. Ferguson of 1896
Affirmative Action Steps to counteract the effects of past racial discrimination and discrimination against women. –Colleges, businesses.
University of California v. Bakke 1973 Reverse Discrimination White applicant rejected Other racial and ethnic groups were admitted with lower GPAs, test scores and interview ratings. Stated race could be a factor when achieving a more diverse student body
Marchers protesting the Court's decision in Bakke. (AP/Wide World Photos)
Grutter v. Bollinger 2003 White female denied admission (same grounds as Bakke) Race or ethnicity is a legal and necessary tool for determining college admissions
Phillips Case Ida Phillips –Denied employment because of gender –“Do You Have Young Children?” Court ruled that company could not have “one hiring policy for women and another for men”
Citizens and the Constitution 13 th, 14 th, and 15 th came about as a result of the Civil War The other changes were made through peaceful efforts of active CITIZENS