Presentation on theme: "USHC-2 The Student will demonstrate an understanding of the establishment of the United States as a new nation."— Presentation transcript:
USHC-2 The Student will demonstrate an understanding of the establishment of the United States as a new nation.
Revising the Articles of Confederation Spring 1787 Rhode Island did not attend –Could not be amended New plan had to be written
Constitutional Convention Compromises Virginia Plan vs. New Jersey Plan –V–Virginia Plan based on Population –N–New Jersey Plan wanted equal votes for states –G–Great Compromise (Connecticut Compromise) Bicameral legislature Slave vs. Free states –3–3/5 ths Compromise 3/5 ths for representation and taxation, but no taxes levied –2–20 years compromise on the issue of slavery Ended the slave trade in 1808
Fears of Federation Addressed Many people (Like Jefferson) felt that the new constitution gave the government to much power. Certain aspects were addressed by: –Checks and Balances –Congress is strongest part of government. –Presidents have 4 year terms –Electoral College
Ratification State Conventions Federalists- Supporters Anti-Federalists-Wanted stronger state governments Federalists Papers- Alexander Hamilton, John Jay, and James Madison Bill of Rights Demanded
Bill Of Rights Gave specific rights to citizens Limited the power of the Government. Helped satisfy the Anti-Federalists
Early American Leaders John Adams 1774-1777 Served as Massachusetts delegate to the Continental Congress. 1776 Helped draft the Declaration of Independence. 1782-1783 Helped negotiate the Treaty of Paris, which ended the American War of Independence. 1789-1796 Served as vice president under George Washington. 1797-1801 President of the United States.
Early American Leaders Thomas Jefferson 1775-1776 Served as a delegate to the Second Continental Congress. 1776 Drafted and signed the Declaration of Independence. 1789-1793 Served as secretary of state under George Washington. 1793-1801 Served as vice president under John Adams. 1801-1809 President of the United States.
Early American Leaders Alexander Hamilton The first secretary of the treasury. New York delegate to the Constitutional Convention of 1787 Fought for a very strong Federal Government One of the authors of The Federalist Papers, 1788
State Constitutions States change from Charters to Constitutions Strong Legislative Branch
Economic Crisis British cut off Trade (short term) Depression Shay’s Rebellion 1786-87 –Farmers march on courts –Rich want strong federation –Farmers fear strong federation
Early American Leaders John Marshall Served in the United States House of Representatives from March 4, 1799, to June 7, 1800 Secretary of State from June 6, 1800, to March 4, 1801 Chief Justice of the United States, serving from February 4, 1801, until his death in 1835. He established that the courts are entitled to exercise judicial review, the power to strike down laws that violate the Constitution.
MARBURY v. MADISON The Supreme Court Ruled that Judiciary Act of 1801was unconstitutional. Established Judicial Review Helped to solidify Checks and Balances http://www.law.umkc.edu/faculty/projects/ftrials/conlaw/marbury.HTML