Content The Psychology of Addictive Behaviour Models of Addictive Behaviour Biological, cognitive and learning approaches to explaining initiation, maintenance and relapse, and their applications to smoking and gambling. Vulnerability to Addiction Risk factors in the development of addiction, including stress, peers, age and personality. Media influences on addictive behaviour. Reducing Addictive Behaviour The theory of planned behaviour as a model for addiction prevention. Types of intervention and their effectiveness, including biological, psychological and public health interventions.
Pair task Read the information in the table: the learning approach for the initiation, maintenance and relapse of gambling addiction. Answer the 8 questions in your booklet. You have 15 minutes. Q&A!
Independent task Read the 3 studies in your booklet and complete the sentence explaining why it supports/contradicts the learning explanation of gambling addiction. 10 minutes!
Criticisms Can’t explain all forms of gambling – difficult to apply OC principles. E.g. some forms of gambling, short time period between behaviour and consequence (e.g. scratch card), whereas others (e.g. football bet) there is a longer time period between behaviour and outcome.
Criticisms Fails to explain why only some people become addicted to gambling. Most people will gamble at some point during their life (e.g. lottery/bingo) and will experience the reinforcement associated with the behaviour. However relatively few become addicts. This suggests that there must be other factors involves in the transition from gambling behaviour to gambling addiction e.g. genetics?
Independent tasks 1. Complete the gap fill for ‘determinism.’ 2. Read the paragraph and highlight the key terms. 3. Complete the gap fill for ‘other approaches.’ 4. Fill in the missing sentences for the reductionist argument. 5. Write a paragraph for the nature vs. nurture debate in relation to the learning approach. 15 minutes max!
BINGO!!! Choose 6 words from below and put them in your bingo board!!! positive negative reinforcement physiological punishment conditioning operant classical SLT observation imitation vicarious role model association rewards financial social psychological withdrawal initiation maintenance relapse