2 Problems in the Empire The Empire was too big to control Germanic warriors (barbarians) continued to attack Roman territoriesCaptured Germanic people moved into the empire – creating their own system of government – thus ignoring Roman lawsArmy vs. Farmers – Male citizens had to serve in the military leaving fewer people to farm = less food productionTaxes were growing higher to help pay for the militaryWealth citizen were moving out of the city creating their own estates
3 Division of the EmpireDiocletian – Took power in the late 200’s. Decided that the empire was too big for one person to rule, so he divided it into the Eastern and Western Empires.Eastern:Ruled byDiocletianWestern:AppointedCo-Emperor
4 Power Moves to the EastConstantine – Reunited the two halves of the Roman Empire for a short time.Moved the capital to the east into what is now Turkey.He called the new capital Constantinople.
5 Ten Theories on Why the Roman Empire Fell Excessive Military Spending to Defend the Empire.Political Corruption?
8 The Fall of RomeDecline in Morals and valuesRise in Christianity
9 The Fall of Rome Environmental and Public Health Problems Barbarian Invasions
10 The Sack of Rome Barbarians Invade Rome Huns (warriors from Central Asia) invaded from southeastern EuropeGoths (Eastern tribes) who could not defeat the Huns and ran into Roman territoryVandals (Germanic tribe from Northern Europe) invaded Gaul (France), Spain, and North Africa
11 The Empire in ChaosThe Huns pushed the Goths into Roman territory; the Goths raised an army and were paid by the Romans not to attack.However, when the Romans stopped the payments, the Goths destroyed Rome in 410.
12 The End of the Western Empire During the 400’s, Roman Emperors were weak.Military leaders took power away from emperorMilitary leaders began fighting for power among themselves476 – Barbarian general overthrew last Roman Emperor and Named himself King of Italy