2 The Tea ActDuring the early 1770s, the colonies’ protests quieted downHowever, in 1773 England passed the Tea ActThe act was meant to help the British East India Company and actually lowered tea pricesColonists were angry because this created a monopoly and hurt colonial merchants. In short, it kept other country’s tea out of the colonies.The colonists responded with the Boston Tea Party
3 The Boston Tea Party – 1773 Organized by the Sons of Liberty Sons of Liberty was an organization formed to protest the abuse of the colonies by the Crown.Famous members: Patrick Henry, Samuel Adams, John Hancock, Paul Revere.Many ships in the harbor full of tea; the colonists, in protest of the Tea Act, refused to unload the ships. Sons of Liberty dressed like Native Americans, and dumped most of the tea into the harbor.
5 The Intolerable/Coercive Acts Britain’s response to the Boston Tea Party was to pass the Intolerable ActsPort of Boston closedIncreased power of the royal governorsAbolished the upper house of the Massachusetts legislatureStrengthened the Quartering ActThe Intolerable Acts as Approved by King George III
6 The First Continental Congress The colonies were outraged at the Intolerable Acts and many people wanted to help BostonThe Committee of Correspondence organized the First Continental Congress in Philadelphia in 1774The Congress accomplished:Demanded a repeal of the Intolerable ActsDeclared colonies had a right to tax and govern themselvesCalled for the training of militiasA new boycott of British goods
7 The Midnight RideThe British government had no intention of meeting colonial demandsBritish general Thomas Gage was going to capture colonial arms in Concord, Massachusetts but the colonists learned of the planPaul Revere and William Dawes rode through the night to warn the minutemen to be ready to confront the BritishA Statue of a Minuteman
8 The Battle of Lexington and Concord When the British arrived in Lexington, Massachusetts, they were confronted by the minutemen on April 18th 1775Nobody knew who shot first, but this was the first battle of the American RevolutionThis is referred to as “The Shot Heard Around the World”Another battle took place near Concord. The British ultimately retreatedA Portrait of the Battle of Lexington Created Years Later