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The Principles of the United States Constitution.

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Presentation on theme: "The Principles of the United States Constitution."— Presentation transcript:


2 The Principles of the United States Constitution

3 I. Popular Sovereignty  The people hold the ultimate authority  A representative democracy lets the people elect leaders to make decisions for them.  Orrin Hatch, Mike Lee, and Rob Bishop are our elected officials in Congress

4 Democratic, or Republican?  Forms of Government  Democratic  Everyone votes on every law  Republican –Representatives

5 II. Limited Government  Framers wanted to guard against tyranny  Government is limited to the power given them in the Constitution.  The Constitution tells how leaders who overstep their power can be removed

6 III. Federalism  The division of power between State and National Governments  Some powers are shared  The National Government has the “supreme power”

7 IV. Separation of Powers  No one holds “too much” power  Legislative branch makes the laws  Executive branch carries out the laws  Judicial branch interprets the laws

8 Legislative Branch  Senate and House of Representatives  Make our laws  Appropriate Money  Regulate Immigration  Establish Post Offices and Roads  Regulate Interstate Commerce and Transportation  Declare War

9 Executive Branch  The President of the United States  Chief Executive  Chief of State  Chief Legislator  Commander in Chief

10 Judicial Branch  Supreme Court and other Federal Courts  Preserve and protect the rights guaranteed by the Constitution  Considers cases involving national laws  Declares laws and acts “unconstitutional”

11 V. Checks and Balances  Prevents the abuse of power in government  Each branch can check each other branch

12 Executive Checks  Propose laws to Congress  Veto laws made by Congress  Negotiate foreign treaties  Appoint federal judges  Grant pardons to federal offenders

13 Legislative Checks  Override president’s veto  Ratify treaties  Confirm executive appointments  Impeach federal officers and judges  Create and dissolve lower federal courts

14 Judicial Checks  Declare executive acts unconstitutional  Declare laws unconstitutional  Declare acts of Congress unconstitutional  The Supreme Court holds the final check

15 A Living Document  “Elastic” Clause –Necessary and Proper  Article 5 – Amending the Constitution

16 Article 5: Amendments  1-10Bill of Rights  13-15Civil Rights  19Women Vote  2618 year old Vote

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