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Properties of Light.

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Presentation on theme: "Properties of Light."— Presentation transcript:

1 Properties of Light

2 The Solar System

3 The Sun The sun is a star (made of gas).
Many explosions happen on the sun (like atomic bombs) that create energy. This energy (called radiation) travels in all directions.

4 How Does Energy Travel? Energy travels in waves (like water).
The close waves are STRONG. Waves that are far away are WEAK.

5 Which Side is Stronger: Left or Right?

6 Electromagnetic Radiation
The sun is so powerful that it creates 7 different kinds of radiation. Some of this radiation is strong (waves close together); some of it is weak (waves far apart). All the different kinds of radiation is organized in an Electromagnetic Spectrum.

7 Electromagnetic Spectrum
There are 7 kinds of radiation in the electromagnetic spectrum: Radiowaves, Microwaves, Infrared Radiation, Visible Light, Ultraviolet Radiation, X-Rays, and Gamma Rays.

8 The Electromagnetic Spectrum
Radiowaves – weak waves that give your radio or TV the energy to work. (can you see them?) Microwaves - weak waves that can cook your food or used for cell phones and radar. (can you see them?) Infrared Radiation – weak waves coming from something that is hot. (can you see them?) Visible Light – the only radiation you can see.

9 Continued… Ultraviolet Radiation – strong radiation that can make you tan and get cancer. (Can you see them?) X-Rays – dangerous radiation that can go through to your bones. (can you see them?) Gamma rays - the most powerful radiation. Very dangerous. Found in a nuclear explosion.

10 Visible Light Humans can only see visible light.
Visible light is made up of all of the colors of the rainbow: Red Orange Yellow Green Blue Indigo Violet

11 How visible light travels…
Visible Light travels in waves… BUT, the waves are so small that from far away it looks like a straight line. SO…from now on we will ONLY say that light travels in a straight line.

12 Does light travel in a straight line FOREVER?
Light travels in a straight line ONLY if travels through the same medium (like air or water). Otherwise…if light strikes an object, then it changes direction and is not straight anymore.

13 Light Does 4 Things When it Hits an Object:
Reflection Transmittance Absorption Refraction

14 4 things can happen when light hits an object:
Reflection Absorption Transmission Refraction

15 What do you notice about the reflection?

16 The 2 Angles in a Reflection

17 How are the 2 angles related?
The angle of incidence and the angle of reflection are ALWAYS the same!!!

18 What must the Angle of Reflection be?

19 Where does visible light come from?
Very, very hot things create and radiate light.

20 How are you able to see the moon?
The moon is cold. It does not make light. It looks white because the sun makes light which reflects off of the moon and goes to our eyes.

21 How are you able to see this rabbit?

22 Colors

23 Remember: The colors of the rainbow are:
Red, Orange, Yellow, Green, Blue, Indigo, and Violet. All the colors of the rainbow are ROY G. BIV.

24 Prisms What did you notice when the light hit the prisms???
The reason a rainbow appeared is because the light was... REFRACTED.

25 Visible Light Each color of the rainbow has a different size wave.
Some colors are stronger than others Red is weakest Violet is strongest.

26 White Light through a Prism

27 Visible Light What does this say about white light (visible light)?

28 Colors White light is hitting the apple.
Every color of the rainbow is being absorbed by the apple EXCEPT the color red. The red light that is reflected bounces to your eyes and you see red.

29 Why does an object look blue?

30 Why does an object look red?

31 Why does an object look green?

32 Draw this in your composition book on page
Color of Skittle Color(s) Absorbed Color(s) Reflected Red O, Y, G, B, I, V Orange Yellow Green Violet *Black* *White*

33 Why does an object look white?

34 Why does an object look black?

35 Lenses

36 Lenses A lens is a clear object that refracts light so that you can see a bigger version of an object.

37 What kind of lens would you use…
1. To see your fingerprint up close? 2. To see a bird that is 20 feet away? 3. To see the planet Mars? 4. To see a tiny bacterial cell?

38 How a Magnifying Lens Works

39 Why do things look bigger?

40 Why do things look upside down when you hold the lens far away?

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