Presentation on theme: "Science 8 Chapter 2 Circulatory System. Starter What do you think the circulatory system is? How do you think the systems we have already talked about."— Presentation transcript:
Starter What do you think the circulatory system is? How do you think the systems we have already talked about relate the circulatory system?
Objectives By the end of the lesson you should be able to: Describe the organ and vessels involved in the circulatory system
Circulatory System Facts: Your heart pumps 4L of blood around your body per minute! Your heart beats around 3 billion beats during a life time! If all your blood vessels were lined up from end to end they would be about 100 000 km in length – about 2.5 times around the Earth!
Blood Blood is made up of 4 parts: 1.Plasma: liquid 2.Red blood cells: use hemoglobin to carry oxygen and carbon dioxide 3.White blood cells: fight infection 4.Platelets: help blood to clot
The Heart This is the organ involved in the circulatory system It function is to pump blood around the body and to the lungs It has 4 chambers, 2 on the top called atria and 2 on the bottom called ventricles Blood travels from atria to ventricle There are valves between the atria and ventricles to prevent the back flow of blood
Blood Vessels Arteries: carry blood away from the heart Bright red oxygenated blood Thick walled and elastic Capillaries: connect arteries to veins Very thin walls - 1 cell layer thick! Where nutrients cross to cells and wastes cross to the blood Veins: carry blood to the heart Blue deoxygenated blood Thinner walled than arteries and have valves to prevent the back flow of blood
Heart Rate Calculate your resting heart rate Run on the spot for 1 minute and recalculate your heart rate Has it changed? Why? Lets go outside and see if we can pump water as fast and efficiently as our hearts pump blood!
Questions 1.Were you able to transfer all the water from one bucket to another in 1 minute? Did you do this as efficiently as your heart? 2.Describe how your arm muscles felt after a minute of modeling the heart. Were you surprised by this feeling? What do you think your arm would feel like after 1 hour of pumping blood? 3.How does modeling the heart using buckets of water relate to pulse rate? 4.Sometimes a heart does not function properly. How could you change the materials used in this activity to model a heart that cannot pump enough blood through the body?