Presentation on theme: "Meteorology CareersM. D. Eastin Pursuing a Career (in Meteorology?) What are your career goals? How do you plan to achieve those goals?"— Presentation transcript:
Meteorology CareersM. D. Eastin Pursuing a Career (in Meteorology?) What are your career goals? How do you plan to achieve those goals?
Meteorology CareersM. D. Eastin Pursuing a Career (in Meteorology?) Possible careers with a B.S. in Meteorology: Broadcast Meteorology Forecaster at local or regional NOAA office (e.g., NWS-GSP) Forecaster at a private firm (e.g., insurance companies) Forensic Meteorology Air quality monitoring Environmental assessment Teaching science (at the K-12 level) Others ??? Careers requiring an advanced degree (you must go to graduate school): Research Teaching (at colleges and universities) Manager at a local or regional NOAA office (e.g., NWS-GSP) Forecaster at a specialized national NOAA office (e.g., SPC or NHC)
Meteorology CareersM. D. Eastin Pursuing a Career (in Meteorology?) Realities about Jobs: You will NOT immediately get your ideal job You may have to move across the country (i.e., “pay your dues”) Broadcast meteorology positions require a “tape” The economy has been in a slump You will be competing against over 600 students who also earn a B.S. Meteorology degree this year alone When you apply for a job you need to be a “top candidate”
Meteorology CareersM. D. Eastin Pursuing a Career (in Meteorology?) Realities about Graduate Schools: Graduate schools have very high standards (high GPA / GREs are required) You have to have similar research interests with a professor willing to take on a new graduate student The economy has been in a slump (less state funding) You will be competing against over 400 students who also earn a B.S. Meteorology degree this year alone When you apply to a graduate school you need to be a “top candidate”
Meteorology CareersM. D. Eastin Know what application materials will be requested: Resume or Curriculum Vitae Statement of Interest (career goals, interest in the current position) Transcripts (courses, GPA) Standardized test scores (the GRE) Letters of recommendation (VERY IMPORTANT!) Previous work/research experience How do you become a “top candidate”?
Meteorology CareersM. D. Eastin Tailor your application materials for each job/school: Organize your resume or curriculum vitae to emphasize your uniqueness Develop a Statement of Interest consistent with the job description Select your references wisely ** Highlight previous relevant work/research experience How do you become a “top candidate”?
Meteorology CareersM. D. Eastin Standard Questions answered by References Do you need to “improve” in certain areas?
Meteorology CareersM. D. Eastin Do you need to “improve” in certain areas? YES (we ALL do!)
Meteorology CareersM. D. Eastin Why are those questions “standard”? Top 10 reasons college graduates are fired from their first job: 1.Lack of work ethic/commitment 2.Unethical behavior 3. Failure to follow instructions 4. In-effective in teams 5. Failure to take initiative 6. Missing assignments/deadlines 7. Unable to communicate effectively—verbally 8. Inappropriate use of technology 9. Being late for work 10. Unable to communicate effectively—writing Gardner (2007) - Journal of Industrial and Organizational Psychology
Meteorology CareersM. D. Eastin Why are those questions “standard”? Required Skills for Commercial (TV), Government (NWS), and Public-Sector Forecasting: 1.Communication skills, especially the ability to provide concise, customer-focused briefings, and writing ability (from social media (Twitter) to in-depth research articles and reports). 2.Emotional maturity, specifically, the ability to work with people from all walks of life, not take criticism personally, and have intense focus on filling the needs of clients. 3.Flexibility, in hours of work, working environment, ability to learn new skills, ability to adapt knowledge to new problems, and speed in identifying problems and implementing solutions. 4.Leadership, namely taking responsibility for solving a problem and perseverance in seeing it solved. 5.Knowing how to solve new problems instead of re-inventing solutions. 6.Computer, statistics, graphic design, and other skills to multiply one's effort into a superior product. NOTE: I did not mention meteorology. I've seen too many people over the years get locked into the notion that a particular course or degree prepares them for the rest of their lives. While that knowledge is why someone may be initially hired (after all, employers are looking for meteorologists, not biologists or mathematicians), continuing one’s productivity depends on Skills 1-6 above. Jon Zeitler (2012) – Science Operations Office (SOO) – NWS, San Antonio, TX
Meteorology CareersM. D. Eastin How do you become a “top candidate” While you can, take advantage of what UNCC has to offer… Become a “professional” student! Begin the transition from a student approach to a professional approach Accept the fact that you need to “adapt” and “improve” Listen to your professors! Begin looking for jobs (start outside Room 203…) Visit the UNCC Career Center (150 Atkins Library) Visit NinerJobNet (http://career.uncc.edu/)http://career.uncc.edu/ Develop a resume Develop a statement of your short term and long-term career goals Work with UNCC Career Center (revise resumes, mock interviews, etc.) Begin looking into graduate schools
Meteorology CareersM. D. Eastin While you can, take advantage of what UNCC has to offer… Participate in the National Forecasting Contest (WX-Challenge) Join STORM and become an active member Join CoCoRaHS and become a weather observer (see me for details…) Become a student member of the AMS Attend departmental seminars Attend the 2016 AMS Student Conference and Career Fair (in New Orleans, January 9-10, 2016) Pursue internships or undergraduate research opportunities Expand your professional contacts How do you become a “top candidate”
Meteorology CareersM. D. Eastin How to improve your chances at being accepted… Know what broad topic you want to study/research Apply to numerous schools (…at least 5) Be realistic about the schools you apply Not every gets accepted to the “best” school It is more important to get accepted to a school Contact potential research advisors before you apply Graduate Schools
Meteorology CareersM. D. Eastin How to improve your chances at being accepted… Take the GRE multiple times (…at least twice) Work with the UNCC Career Center to develop a strong and effective personal statement Provide a complete application package Submit the application package on time Graduate Schools
Meteorology CareersM. D. Eastin How to improve your chances at being accepted… Request your recommendation letters well in advance (at least one month!) Don’t restrict yourself to certain locations or geographic regions Review your financial situation…Would you require an assistantship? Take extra courses at UNCC! The four-year plan outlines the minimum requirements Top candidates always take many extra electives Graduate Schools
Meteorology CareersM. D. Eastin What are graduate schools and/or graduate advisors looking for? Students who: Demonstrate a mature professional attitude Willing to work hard without close supervision Demonstrate good oral and written communication skills Demonstrate exceptional scholarship Similar research interests Exceptional letters of recommendation Previous research / internship / work experience High GPA and GRE scores Graduate Schools
Meteorology CareersM. D. Eastin The AMS does not have a specific “code of ethics” but rather provides clear guidelines as to “professional conduct” Any arrangement for “meteorological services” should include 3 basic items: 1.Price 2.Schedule 3.Performance to a Standard Avoid conflicts on interest (e.g., Duke Energy) Exercise confidentiality when needed (e.g., WX impacts business decisions) Don’t misrepresent abilities or forecasting skills (Don’t exaggerate!) Don’t allow attorneys / clients to influence / alter scientifically reported data Avoid the “loss of impartiality” in the performance of your duties (treat all clients the same) Do not use work resources for personal gain Ethics
Meteorology CareersM. D. Eastin Pursuing a Career (in Meteorology?) What questions do you have? Do not hesitate to ask!!!