Presentation on theme: "FORM:have/has+participle"— Presentation transcript:
1 FORM:have/has+participle Subject + have/has+ Past ParticipleWe have studied English for two yearsShe has read two Harry Potter books.Negative form: Subject+haven't/hasn't+past participleThey haven't cleaned the car.She hasn't opened the window.Interrogative: Have/has+subject+participleHave you seen Sally this morning?Has she talked to her boss?FORM:have/has+participle
3 USEWe use it:1.-to talk about things that have happened recently with no time mentioned:“They have bought a new house”(When did they buy it? We don’t know when; the time is not mentioned.)The exact time is unknown or unimportant. What is important is the action.2.-We often use it to give news:“Sally's had her baby! “A parcel has arrived for you”
4 Present perfect3.-With the expression “Yet”in ? and – sentences. Put “yet” at the end of the sentence:“Have you done your homework yet?”(¿ya has hecho los deberes?)“The film hasn't started yet”(la película no ha empezado todavía)“He hasn't done the ironing yet”
5 “They've just arrived” (Acaban de llegar). He has just eaten. USEWe use it:3.-With the expression “Just ”in + sentences to say that something happened very recently. Put “just”before the main verb:“They've just arrived” (Acaban de llegar). He has just eaten.4.-With “already” in+ sentences to say that sth happened very recently. Put “already” before the main verb.“I have already finished my exams” (Ya he terminado mis exámenes). He has already spoken to Sally
6 PRESENT PERFECT vs. SIMPLE PAST DIFFERENCES:Present Perfect Simple:Actions that happened at an unspecified time in the past:I have been abroad many times.I have been to Paris twice.Simple Past:Actions that happened at a specific time in the past:Mary went abroad last Summer.I went to Paris in 2004.
7 TIME EXPRESSIONS PRESENT PERFECT: How long? Just Already Yet In ages-en mucho tiempo,durante añosEverNeverRecentlyLately-últimamenteIt is the 1st. time that….SIMPLE PAST:When… AgoLast wek/ month/…In 1999/ 2012, …Yesterday
8 PRESENT PERFECT vs SIMPLE PAST Conversations often begin in the present perfect (with a general question: have you ever or how long..?) and then change to the past simple to ask for or give specific details eg. When ,what, where,who with etcA.-Have you ever been to London?B.-yes, I have.A.-when did you go there?B.-I went last yearA.-what did you do?I visited the British museum, I saw The London Eye and Buckingham Palace.A.-Did you have a good time?B.-yes, I did. London is wonderful!
9 PRESENT PERFECT vs SIMPLE PAST A.-Have you seen the movie “the Hunger Games?B.-yes, I have.A.-when did you see it?B.-I saw it last year.A.-Did you see it at home?No, I saw it in the cinema.A.- What did you think of it?B.-It was fantastic!
10 EVER/NEVER+PRESENT PERFECT -Ever is used in questions and goes between the verb have and the past participle.Have you ever played squash?Have you ever travelled abroad?Never is used to make a negative statement and goes between the verb have and the past partcipleI have never played squashI have never travelled abroad.
11 COMPARE BEEN AND GONESally has been to London (=she went to London and came back)Sally has gone to London (=she's in London now)Peter isn't here. He has gone shopping.I've just been to the supermarket. Look at all the food I've bought!I've already been to the post office so you don't need to go.