Presentation on theme: "Propaganda of World War I By: Taylor Carey U.S. History/ Period 4."— Presentation transcript:
Propaganda of World War I By: Taylor Carey U.S. History/ Period 4
What is propaganda? During World War I, there were a variety of things that you would see outside the war. One of those things included Propaganda. The definition of propaganda, is a picture, that can be used to express a thought, idea, or rumors. The idea of propaganda may be to harm, or hurt the person, or even benefit the other person. In some cases propaganda was used in war to better the country.
Why do we use propaganda? They used posters to justify their involvement to their own populace to recruit men, to raise money and resources to sustain the military campaign, and to urge conservation.
Why did they use posters? They used posters because television had not yet been invented, not everyone owned or had access to a radio, posters were the most effective means of getting a message across
Types of propaganda This propaganda poster would be used as a way to express your loyalty towards your allies, and other countries. As shown in the picture of propaganda, the citizens, are standing next to each other showing their pride for one another. Another key feature you notice in the picture, is that the people are all facing the side of the enemy.
Types of propaganda This type of propaganda, was used to show that the civilian were to be keep in place, and not to talk about the war. The reason being, because the people could “let something slip” or say something not attended. Referring to the picture that the people should “know your place, shut you face.”
Types of propaganda Another way of supporting the war, was through the way of rationing. The act of rationing is when a product is reduced, to save money and prophet to support the war.
Types of propaganda This was a type of propaganda that was used to express, how food was treated as money. For example if food was wasted, then that was a waste of money in the eyes of soldiers. Therefore when the money that wasn’t being used as food, then it could go to war. This is just one type of the many that propaganda focused on.
Types of propaganda This poster would not be acceptable now a days. It’s trying to make people think that they should join the war because even woman want too. The US navy did eventually start accepting women for enlisted service during the war, though they were primarily allocated administrative or other non-combatant positions.
Types of propaganda This propaganda poster is one of the cuter posters. In this post it is obviously aimed at children, but is extended by its humor.
Types of propaganda This poster shows a quality that is to be found in most American war propaganda poster from world war one, the fact that it encourages some sort of action to be taken by average American citizens to help in the war effort. In this case, it is conservation of wheat, to be consumed instead by soldiers on the front.
Types of propaganda This propaganda poster was used to show the government buying people out of the country using bonds.
Types of Propaganda This was just another symbol of freedom in America The woman seen here is Columbia. In 1917, however, she was still a well known and popular character. Resulting from the name of Christopher Columbus, the name Columbia was for a long time supported as an alternate name for the United States, both prior to its independence, and afterwards.
Types of Propaganda This is one of the most famous American posters from the war, it shows the iconic "Rosie the Riveter" as an encouragement to the millions of American women who were needed to fill the traditionally male jobs now becoming vacant with the men at war.
Propaganda used 7 different tricks to get their message across They sometimes used name calling to try to change peoples thoughts towards war or other things.
Card Stacking The Propagandist uses this technique to make the best case possible for his side and the worst for the opposing viewpoint by carefully using only those facts that support his or her side of the argument while attempting to lead the audience into accepting the facts as a conclusion.
Band Wagon Propagandists use this technique to persuade the audience to follow the crowd. This device creates the impression of widespread support. It reinforces the human desire to be on the winning side.
Plain Folks Propagandists use this approach to convince the audience that the spokesperson is from humble origins, someone they can trust and who has their interests at heart.
Transfer A technique used to carry over the authority and approval of something we respect and revere to something the propagandist would have us accept. Propagandists often employ symbols (e.g., waving the flag) to stir our emotions and win our approval.
Glittering Generality Propagandists employ vague, sweeping statements (often slogans or simple catchphrases) using language associated with values and beliefs deeply held by the audience without providing supporting information or reason. They appeal to such notions as honor, glory, love of country, desire for peace, freedom, and family values.
Testimonial Propagandists use this technique to associate a respected person or someone with experience to endorse a product or cause by giving it their stamp of approval hoping that the intended audience will follow their example.
Problems with propaganda Quite often propaganda is connected with negative emotions
Problems with propaganda During the Great War the governments needed money for the war effort so they focused their efforts on posters aimed at raising money from citizens for the war effort