Presentation on theme: "1 EU Water legislation PEIP National Workshop – Montenegro Budva, 13-14 May 2008 Dagmar Kaljarikova Policy Officer for Turkey, Montenegro, NGOs and REC."— Presentation transcript:
1 EU Water legislation PEIP National Workshop – Montenegro Budva, 13-14 May 2008 Dagmar Kaljarikova Policy Officer for Turkey, Montenegro, NGOs and REC European Commission, DG Environment Unit E.3 – Enlargement and Neighbouring Countries
2 EU policy instruments for protecting our water resources Financial incentives (+/-) new EU Agricultural Policy; EU Funding Tools; water pricing reflecting cost recovery EU Research Programmes EU Environmental Legislation Water Framework Directive, Urban Waste Water Directive, Nitrates Directive, Groundwater Directive
3 Key EU Water Policy Documents Water Framework Directive 2000/60/EC Water Framework Directive 2000/60/EC Urban Waste Water Treatment Directive 91/272/EEC Urban Waste Water Treatment Directive 91/272/EEC Drinking Water Directive 98/3/EC Drinking Water Directive 98/3/EC Bathing Water Directive 2006/7/EC Bathing Water Directive 2006/7/EC Floods Directive 2007/60/EC Floods Directive 2007/60/EC Communication on Water Scarcity and Droughts 2007 Communication on Water Scarcity and Droughts 2007 Marine Strategy Directive (adopted; about to be published) Marine Strategy Directive (adopted; about to be published) Overview and texts at http://ec.europa.eu/environment/water/index.html
4 Water Framework Directive key elements protecting all waters, surface and groundwaters; protecting all waters, surface and groundwaters; covering all impacts on waters; covering all impacts on waters; good quality (‘good status’) to be achieved, as a rule, by 2015; good quality (‘good status’) to be achieved, as a rule, by 2015; water quality comprehensively defined in terms of biology, chemistry and morphology; water quality comprehensively defined in terms of biology, chemistry and morphology; water management based on river basins; water management based on river basins; monitoring programmes for surface and groundwaters, both as a planning tool and as an assessment instrument; monitoring programmes for surface and groundwaters, both as a planning tool and as an assessment instrument; economic instruments: getting the prices right - to promote prudent use of water; economic instruments: getting the prices right - to promote prudent use of water; mandatory public participation; mandatory public participation; … and complemented/guided by an unprecedented cooperation on implementation. … and complemented/guided by an unprecedented cooperation on implementation.
5 Implementation: a continuous and transparent process Formal transposition into national law;Dec 2003 River basin district designation /May 2004 Environmental analysis; economic analysisDec 2004 Monitoring programmes operationalDec 2006 Public participation to start at the latestDec 2006 Draft river basin management plansDec 2008 Final river basin management plansDec 2009 Implementation, assessment, adjustment- 2015 and further
6 Environmental objective holistic definition of “good status” For surface waters defined in terms of biology (aquatic flora and invertebrate fauna – composition and abundance; fish fauna – composition, abundance and age structure); chemistry and hydromorphology. For groundwater defined in terms of chemistry (compliance with numerical quality standards; no saline or other intrusions) and quantity (balance between natural recharge and abstractions).
7 Measures to achieve the objectives “Good status” as the binding general objective for all waters, entailing operational measures to achieve / maintain that objective; Objectives and measures to be tailored to the characteristics and sensitivities of the region (“ecoregions”), and coordinated within the river basin; Additional measures in specifically protected areas (areas subject to eutrophication; nitrate vulnerable zones; areas used or intended to be used for drinking water abstraction).
8 Ambitious and binding on objectives, flexible on tools Legally binding and enforceable on environmental objectives Flexible on paths/tools to achieve these objectives, thus allowing and encouraging innovation “Good status” environmental objective Status quo
9 European Court of Justice … non-compliance can be costly..... 2. Orders the Hellenic Republic to pay to the Commission of the European Communities, into the account EC own resources, a penalty payment of EUR 20 000 for each day of delay in implementing the measures necessary to comply with the judgement in Case C-45/91 from delivery of the present judgement until the judgement in Case C-45/91 has been complied with;..... 2. Orders the Kingdom of Spain to pay to the Commission of the European Communities, into the account European Community own resources, a penalty payment of EUR 624 150 per year and per 1% of bathing areas in Spanish inshore waters which have been found not to conform to the limit values laid down under Directive 76/160 …;..... 2. Orders the French Republic to pay to the Commission of the European Communities, into the account EC own resources’, a penalty payment of EUR 57 761 250 for each period of six months from delivery of the present judgment at the end of which the judgment in Case C-64/88 Commission v France has not yet been fully complied with; 3. Orders the French Republic to pay to the Commission of the European Communities, into the account ‘European Community own resources’, a lump sum of EUR 20 000 000;
10 ENV and economic analysis shows that a high number of water bodies are at risk: 1.Hydromorphological alterations (inter alia from navigation, pressures of land use in urban and rural areas, hydropower, flood defences) are a common concern across Europe. 2.In several parts of Europe non-delivery on tasks already due (waste water treatment, nitrates pollution from agriculture) plays a considerable role in shaping our waters ‘at risk’. 3.Over-abstraction is a problem in some regions. 4.Climate change will aggravate problems in many regions. Full Commission Report (March 2007), published at European Water Conference (h ttp://ec.europa.eu/environment/water/water-h ttp://ec.europa.eu/environment/water/water- framework/2007conference/index_en.htmframework/2007conference/index_en.htm) Analysis of article 5 reports (The analysis is demonstrating achievements as well as non-achievements …)
11 Transparency: all WFD environmental assessments available on the Internet http://forum.europa.eu.int/Public/irc/env/wfd/home Contact address email@example.com@ec.europa.eu
12 Outlook Protection of all waters across Europe, based on comparable principles and objectives; Binding objectives, at the same time flexibility on the tools how to achieve them; River basin cooperation and involvement of citizens, local communities and stakeholders will reap benefits for all involved; Long-term planning basis for technical, financial and political decisions, at regional and national level as well as at EU and international level.
13 Further information Commission server http://ec.europa.eu/environment/water/index.html CIRCA system providing public access to all WFD information and documents http://forum.europa.eu.int/Public/irc/env/wfd/library?l=/framework_ directive&vm=detailed&sb=Title Email address for further information firstname.lastname@example.org
14 Source (graphics): ÖVGW Thank you for your attention.