Presentation on theme: "WWII YOUR name USII.7abc 11/14/12. 1. 2 Sides 2. America’s Gradual Changes 3. 2 Causes 4. America on the Homefront 5. The Holocaust 6. War in the Pacific."— Presentation transcript:
1. 2 Sides 2. America’s Gradual Changes 3. 2 Causes 4. America on the Homefront 5. The Holocaust 6. War in the Pacific 7. Major Turning Points of WWII
2 Sides: Axis Powers: G- Germany, Adolf Hitler I- Italy, Benito Mussolini Joe- Japan, Hideki Tojo ----------------------------------------------------------------- Allies: Democratic Nations: Soviet Union- United States-Franklin D. RooseveltJoseph Stalin and later Harry S. Truman Great Britain-Winston Churchill Canada
America’s Gradual Changes 1. Isolationism (staying out of foreign affairs) Result of the Great Depression and the legacy of WWI 2. Economic Aid to Allies Lend-Lease (when we gave Great Britain old Naval War Ships and war materials in return for military bases in Bermuda and the Caribbean) 3. Direct Involvement in the War The attack on Pearl Harbor in Hawaii
2 Causes I. Political instability and economic devastation in Europe resulting from World War I 1. World-wide depression 2. High war debt owed by Germany 3. High inflation 4. Massive unemployment --------------------------------------------------------------------------- II. Rise of Fascism 1. Fascism is a political philosophy in which total power is given to a dictator and individual freedoms are denied. 2. Fascist Dictators included: Adolf Hitler-Germany Benito Mussolini-Italy Hideki Tojo-Japan 3. These dictators led the countries known as the Axis Powers
America on the Homefront 1. America’s involvement in WWII brought an end to the Great Depression. Factories and workers were needed to produce war materials to win the war. 2. Thousands of women worked in factories (defense plants) ie: Rosie the Riveter 3. Americans at home supported the war by rationing and conserving goods (Ration/Red Books, Victory Gardens, Victory Bonds, conserving gasoline, food, & metal) 4. The need for workers temporarily broke down racial barriers (hiring in defense plants) although discrimination continued. 5. While many Japanese served the military, others were treated with distrust and prejudice (due to the attack on Pearl Harbor) and were forced into Internment Camps.
The Holocaust The Holocaust is an example of prejudice and discrimination taken to the extreme. Anti-Semitism is the hatred of Jews. Aryan Supremacy is the belief that blond, blue-eyed individuals are the supreme race. The Holocaust was a systematic attempt to rid Europe of all Jews. Tactics used were: Boycott of Jewish stores Threats Segregation Imprisonment and killing of Jews and others in Concentration Camps The Liberation (freeing) of Jews and others took place near the end of WWII by Allied troops.
War in the Pacific Rising tension developed between the U.S. and Japan because of Japanese aggression in East Asia (when Japan invaded Manchuria China. The U.S. cut off oil, rubber and other supplies to Japan) On December 7, 1941, Japan attacked the U.S. at Pearl Harbor, Hawaii without warning. The United Stated declared war on Japan. Germany then declared war on the U.S.
Major Turning Points of WWII (top) Sept. 1,1939-Germany invades Poland, setting off war in Europe. Sept. 17, 1939-The Soviet Union also invades Poland and the Baltic Nations. June 14, 1940-Germany invades France, capturing Paris. July 10, 1940-Germany bombs London and the Battle of Britain begins. Mar.11,1941-The Lend-Lease Act takes place. June 22, 1941-Germany invades the Soviet Union. Dec. 7, 1941- Japan attacks the U.S. at Pearl Harbor, HI. Dec. 8, 1941 -Germany declares war on the U.S. Dec.8,1941 -America declares war on Japan and Germany.
Major Turning Points of WWII (bottom) June 6, 1942 -The Battle of Midway-A turning point of the war in the Pacific because the U.S. is victorious over Japan. Feb. 2, 1943-Battle of Stalingrad-A turning point of the war in Eastern Europe because the Soviet Union defeats Germany. June 6, 1944-D-Day: A turning point of the war in Western Europe because the Allies defeat Germany on the beaches of Normandy, France. June 6, 1944-D-Day begins the Liberation (freeing of Western Europe). Aug. 6 & 9, 1945-The U.S. drops two bombs on Japan: Aug. 6 th on Hiroshima and Aug. 9 th on Nagasaki, forcing Japan to surrender. World War II is over!