2 HistoryThe Charter is part of the Canadian Constitution enacted under the Government of Prime Minister Pierre Trudeau.The Charter came into effect on April 17, It was part of a package of reforms contained in a law called the Constitution Act, The Constitution is a set of laws containing the basic rules about how our country operates
3 The Charter sets out those rights and freedoms that Canadians believe are necessary in a free and democratic societyRIGHT: legal, moral, or social claim that people are entitled to, primarily from their government. Example – a person accused of committing an offence is entitled to a fair trial.FREEDOM: freedom is a right – the right to live your life without interference from the government. Example – you have the right to seek employment anywhere in Canada.
4 Rights and freedoms contained in the Charter Fundamental FreedomsFreedom to express an opinion.Freedom to choose your religion.Freedom to organize peaceful meetings and demonstrationsFreedom of association.DemocraticRightsThe right to vote in Canadian elections.The right to vote for a new government.MobilityRightsThe right to move anywhere in Canada and earn a living there.The right of Canadian citizens to enter, stay in, or leave Canada.
5 Rights and freedoms contained in the Charter (Cont’d) LegalRightsThe right to be free of imprisonment, search, and seizure without reasons backed by law and evidence.The right to a fair and quick public trial by an impartial court that assumes you are innocent unless proven guilty.EqualityRightsThe right to be free from discrimination because of ethnicity (race), national origin, religion, gender, age, or mental or physical disability.Aboriginal peoples' rights.The right to use either of Canada's official languages.The protection of Canada's multicultural heritage
6 Life in Canada: Then versus Now... What does the Charter reflect about today’s society compared to the past?
7 Case 1: The Indian Act 1876 Indian Act passed by Canadian Government Affected First Nations who had concluded Treaties with Canada’s governmentDid not consult with First NationsOriginal goal: to assimilate
8 Case 2: Canadian women and the right to vote Campaigning for the right to vote – Emily Howard StoweToronto Women’s Literary Club1918 – women over 21 years of age allowed to vote in federal electionProvincial elections decided by each provinceQuebec, 1940
9 Case 3: Internment of Ukrainian Canadians Context of WWIMore than 8000 people of Ukrainian origin sent to internment campsGovernment seizes property/businesses2005: Canadian government offers formal apologyWould this happen today?
10 Case 4: Internment of Italian Canadians WWII700 people affectedWar Measures Act1990: Canadian government apologizesWhy is it important that we learn this history?
11 Case 5: Internment of Japanese Canadians WWIIMore than men, women, childrenGovernment sells houses, possessions1988: Canadian government apologizes
12 Things to think about What is prejudice? WHY did this happen? HOW does this differ from society today?Where does the Charter play a role in this?How does the charter prevent this from happening?