2 TYPES OF HISTORICAL EVIDENCE Historians must decide how to interpret ALL the evidence...When? Where? Why?TYPES OF HISTORICAL EVIDENCEWRITTEN SOURCESNON-WRITTEN SOUCES
3 WRITTEN SOURCES Primary Secondary Letters Autobiographies Diaries SpeechesPoems/SongsBusiness recordsOriginal maps/calendarsPhotographsTextbooksEncyclopediasArticles & Paintings done after the event occurredMost websitesBiographies
4 NON-WRITTEN SOURCES Fossils Artifacts Ruins Oral Tradition Legends MythsBeliefs passed on my word of mouthStorytellingInterviewsREMAINS or IMPRINTS of:PlantsAnimals(Once alive)ToolsJewelryCoinsToysMan-made weaponsTombsMonumentsWhole Cities
5 What Are Primary Sources What Are Primary Sources? The actual accounts of events or the original documentsOriginal literary or theatrical worksOriginal advertisementsMagazine and Newspaper Articles (as long as they are written soon after the fact and not as historical accounts)DiariesLettersJournalsSpeechesInterviewsPhotographsAudio and Video Recordings
6 Examples of Primary Sources This is an original advertisement for Lux Soap.
7 Examples of Primary Sources This is an original letter written by Thomas Jefferson to John Adams in 1788.
8 Examples of Primary Sources Map of Michigan showing the Toledo, Ann Arbor, & North Michigan Railway and connecting lines.
9 What Are Secondary Sources? They interpret the primary sources. Text BooksEncyclopediasDictionariesBooks that interpret historyArticles that interpret history
10 Examples of Secondary Sources A text book is a secondary source written about the primary sources.
11 Examples of Secondary Sources World Book Encyclopedias are secondary sources of information.
12 Think About ItWhy do you think historians use both primary and secondary sources?How do you think primary sources can be used?
13 Resources Library of Congress American Memory Collection Lever Bros. Advertisement for Lux Laundry FlakesDigital ID ncdeaa L0009The Thomas Jefferson Papers Series 1. General Correspondence Thomas Jefferson to John Adams, January 13, 1788, Included Copy of Thomas Jefferson Letter to Hogguer, Grand, & Company, same dateMap CollectionDIGITAL ID: g4111p rrHistory text GraphicWorld Book Graphic
14 Social Studies Grade Level Content Expectation 3-H3.02 Explain how historians use primary and secondary resources to answer questions about the past.