Download presentation

Presentation is loading. Please wait.

Published byAmberlynn Tucker Modified over 6 years ago

1
Warm-Up!

2
Do objects stop moving once they are set in motion in space? A.Never B.Always C.No, unless something gets in the way

3
Which set of arrows do not represent equal and opposite force vectors? A. F 1 F 2 B. F 1 F 2 C. F 1 F 2

4
Inertia and Newton’s Laws

5
Isaac Newton 18 th Century Scientist Newton’s 3 Laws of Motion Newton’s Law of Gravitation

6
Galileo’s Thought Experiment © The Physics Classroom, Tom Henderson 1996-2007

7
This thought experiment lead to Newton’s First Law. Newton’s Thought Experiment © The Physics Classroom, Tom Henderson 1996-2007

8
Newton’s 1 st Law of Motion Objects will not change their motion without help – force. INERTIA is this resistance to change in motion MASS is how we measure inertia The boulder example

9
Balanced Forces Balanced forces result in constant motion Forces can be applied but inertia is overcome only if unbalanced forces exist – Leggo my Eggo.

10
Constant Motion Motion which is either stationary (0) or not accelerating and in a straight line

11
Forces and Equilibrium If the net force ( F) on a body is zero, it is in equilibrium. An object in equilibrium may be moving relative to us (dynamic equilibrium). An object in equilibrium may appear to be at rest (static equilibrium).

12
Newton’s First Law Newton’s 1 st Law is also called the Law of Inertia. A body stays at rest or at constant velocity unless acted upon by an unbalanced force. This law is commonly applied to the horizontal component of velocity, which is assumed not to change during the flight of a projectile. F = 0

13
The Walking Man http://phet.colorado.edu/sims/moving- man/moving-man_en.jnlphttp://phet.colorado.edu/sims/moving- man/moving-man_en.jnlp

14
Sample Problem: Three forces act upon a 3.0 kg body moving at constant velocity. F 1 = (4i – 6j + k) N and F 2 = (i – 2j - 8k) N. Find F 3.

15
Newton’s Second Law Newton’s 2 nd Law says that a body acted upon by a net unbalanced force will accelerate. The acceleration is proportional to the net force and inversely proportional to the mass. It is in the direction of the net force. F = ma

16
Sample Problem: Two forces, F 1 = (4i – 6j + k) N and F 2 = (i – 2j - 8k) N, act upon a body of mass 3.0 kg. No other forces act upon the body at this time. What do you know must be true?

17
Newton’s Third Law Newton’s 3 rd Law is commonly stated “for every action there exists an equal and opposite reaction”. If A exerts a force F on B, then B exerts a force of -F on A.

Similar presentations

© 2022 SlidePlayer.com Inc.

All rights reserved.

To make this website work, we log user data and share it with processors. To use this website, you must agree to our Privacy Policy, including cookie policy.

Ads by Google