Presentation on theme: "EQ – What are the structures of the modern governments of Africa?"— Presentation transcript:
1 EQ – What are the structures of the modern governments of Africa?
2 Remember…What are some of the government systems we have discussed?
3 For example… Unitary – power is held by one central authority Confederation – a group of states united for a common purposeFederal – power is divided between one central government and several regional authorities
4 You try…In Nigeria’s government, power is divided between central and regional authorities. This is an example of which government type?A. UnitaryB. ConfederationC. FederalD. Parliamentary
5 Examples continued…Autocratic – one person possesses UNLIMITED power and the citizen has little if any role in the governmentOligarchic – Government by few…the citizen has a very limited roleDemocracy – The supreme power is vested in the people and through a system of representation usually involving free elections
6 You try… B. Democracy C. Autocracy D. Theocracy All citizens participate equally in which type of government?A. OligarchyB. DemocracyC. AutocracyD. Theocracy
7 Democratic Governments: Presidential – the president isconstitutionally independent oflegislatureParliamentary – executivepower is invested in a cabinetcomposed of members of a legislature.May have a prime minister.
8 Modern African Governments CountryType of Government and Form of LeadershipCitizen Participation in voting and Personal FreedomsKenyaType:Executive:Legislative:Independence Date:South AfricaSudanSouth Sudan
10 Kenya… Name: Republic of Kenya Government Type: Republic Capital: NairobiIndependence: Dec. 12, 1962 (from U.K.)Executive Branch: PresidentElections – five-year terms (eligible for 2)Must win 25% of vote in at least 5 of Kenya’s 7 provinces
11 More… Legislative Branch: Judicial Branch Unicameral! 224 seats. 210 members are electedJudicial BranchCourt of appeal and high court
13 Sudan… Government Type: Dictatorship/Autocratic Capital: Khartoum Independence: Jan.1, 1956 (from U.K.)Executive Branch: PresidentElections last held in Dec. 2000Legislative Branch:Bicameral…council of states and national assembly (members are appointed by president)Judicial Branch: Constitutional court of 9 justices & National Supreme Court
14 South Sudan Government Type: Democratic Republic Capital: Juba Independence: July 9, 2011 (from Sudan)Executive Branch: President is both chief of state and head of government. (last election April 11-15, 2010Legislative Branch:Bicameral – National Legislative Assembly & Council of States elected by the peopleJudicial Branch: Supreme Court
16 South Africa… Government Type: Republic Capital: Pretoria May 31, 1910 (from U.K.) then May 31, 1961 (Republic declared)Executive Branch: President (held for five year terms)Legislative Branch: Bicameral Parliament consisting of National Assembly and National Council of ProvincesJudicial Branch: Supreme Court of Appeals, High Court
17 Now, turn to your elbow partner and discuss the structures of modern governments of Africa.