How did the conflict begin? George Washington & his men attacked French troops in the Ohio River Valley. Brief victory Built Fort Necessity but forced to surrender
1754- Ben Franklin representatives from New England, NY, MD, PA A plan to unite the colonies for defense A Called for a Grand Council What was the Albany Plan of Union?
Not 1 colonial legislature approved the plan- no one wanted to give up powers to a central council.
Fort Duquesne – the British- General Edward Braddock -defeated badly by the French. Defeats for the British
They wore bright red uniforms. They fought in column formation.
The British were losing badly British leader William Pitt- promised colonists money if they helped out in the war.
The British won a major battle at Quebec –Capital of New France –Built on a hill overlooking St. Lawrence River –Now the French could no longer supply their forts The Tide of Battle Turns……
* By 1761, Spain has become an ally of France 1758-1761
France --> lost Canada, lands east of the Mississippi River. Spain --> got all French lands west of the Mississippi River, gives up Florida England --> Canada & all French east of Mississippi 1763 Treaty of Paris
- The French were completely kicked out of North America. However, French people continued to live there.
What long term effects did the War have on Britain? France loses its power in North America England acquires a huge debt……
II. Colonists start to move west a. Colonists wanted to move onto the land that the British gained during the war
- Natives that fought along side with the French began to block them
b. The British became angered - The British were forced to send troops to protect the colonies
It created bitter feelings towards the British. It created bitter feelings towards the British. Colonies would be taxed to help pay off British debtColonies would be taxed to help pay off British debt How did the War affect American Colonists?
-T-This cost a large amount of money & they were already in debt -T-The British began to feel that the colonies were becoming a burden