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Sec. 1-4 Day 2 HW pg. 36-38 (42-46, 53, 62-63, 67, 71-72)

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To solve an equation with variables on both sides, use inverse operations to "collect" variable terms on one side of the equation. Helpful Hint Equations are often easier to solve when the variable has a positive coefficient. Therefore, it is often easiest to move the term with the smaller coefficient first.

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Solve 7n – 2 = 5n + 6. Example 1: Solving Equations with Variables on Both Sides To collect the variable terms on one side, subtract 5n from both sides. 7n – 2 = 5n + 6 –5n 2n – 2 = 6 Since n is multiplied by 2, divide both sides by 2 to undo the multiplication. 2n = 8 + 2 n = 4

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Solve 4b + 2 = 3b. Check It Out! Example 1a To collect the variable terms on one side, subtract 3b from both sides. 4b + 2 = 3b –3b b + 2 = 0 b = –2 – 2 – 2

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Solve 0.5 + 0.3y = 0.7y – 0.3. Check It Out! Example 1b To collect the variable terms on one side, subtract 0.3y from both sides. 0.5 + 0.3y = 0.7y – 0.3 –0.3y 0.5 = 0.4y – 0.3 0.8 = 0.4y +0.3 + 0.3 2 = y Since 0.3 is subtracted from 0.4y, add 0.3 to both sides to undo the subtraction. Since y is multiplied by 0.4, divide both sides by 0.4 to undo the multiplication.

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To solve more complicated equations, you may need to first simplify by using the Distributive Property or combining like terms.

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Solve 4 – 6a + 4a = –1 – 5(7 – 2a). Example 2: Simplifying Each Side Before Solving Equations Combine like terms. Distribute –5 to the expression in parentheses. 4 – 6a + 4a = –1 –5(7 – 2a) 4 – 6a + 4a = –1 –5(7) –5(–2a) 4 – 6a + 4a = –1 – 35 + 10a 4 – 2a = –36 + 10a +36 40 – 2a = 10a + 2a +2a 40 = 12a Since –36 is added to 10a, add 36 to both sides. To collect the variable terms on one side, add 2a to both sides.

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Solve 4 – 6a + 4a = –1 – 5(7 – 2a). Example 2 Continued 40 = 12a Since a is multiplied by 12, divide both sides by 12.

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Solve. Check It Out! Example 2a Since 1 is subtracted from b, add 1 to both sides. Distribute to the expression in parentheses. 1 2 + 1 3 = b – 1 To collect the variable terms on one side, subtract b from both sides. 1 2 4 = b

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Solve 3x + 15 – 9 = 2(x + 2). Check It Out! Example 2b Combine like terms. Distribute 2 to the expression in parentheses. 3x + 15 – 9 = 2(x + 2) 3x + 15 – 9 = 2(x) + 2(2) 3x + 15 – 9 = 2x + 4 3x + 6 = 2x + 4 –2x x + 6 = 4 – 6 – 6 x = –2 To collect the variable terms on one side, subtract 2x from both sides. Since 6 is added to x, subtract 6 from both sides to undo the addition.

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Homework Assignment Pg. 43-44 (16-26 even, 33-36)

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