Presentation on theme: "Chapter 12: The World War I Era"— Presentation transcript:
1 Chapter 12: The World War I Era I. The Road to War
2 Bell Ringer Define neutral What impact might the presence of many first-generation European immigrants have had on the position of the United States toward entering the war?
3 Objectives Identify the main causes of world War I. Understand how the conflict expanded to draw in much of Europe.Analyze how the Us responded to the war in Europe.
4 A) Setting the SceneJune 28th, 1914 – Archduke Francis Ferdinand was assassinated in Sarajevo.Wanted Bosnia to be part of Serbia, not the Austrian-Hungarian Empire.
5 B) Causes of World War Ia) Imperialism: All the good land had been taken – If Germany wanted land – have to take it from England and FranceMilitarism: build up military and allow the military to have great say in government and foreign policyb) Nationalism – what was good for one country might cause a warAlsace-Lorraine: border region between Germany and France – speak French but controlled by GermanyDiverse ethnic pollution in countries that were controlled by other “people”c) Alliances: Germany and Austria-Hungary; Russia and France; Great Britain and France
6 C) The Conflict Expands Austria-Hungary blamed Bosnia for the assassination of their heirDeclares warRussia began mobilizing to defend Serbiamobilization: readying of troops for warGermany began mobilizing to defend Austria-HungaryFrance gets ready to defend against GermanyGermany attacks France and goes through neutral Belgium – Britain declares war on GermanyOne week – the continent at warmovie
7 Stalemate Central Powers: Germany and Austria-Hungary Allies: France, Serbia, and Great BritainStalemate: situation in which neither side is able to gain the advantageGermany and the Schlieffen Plan got 30 miles from Paris – lines stabilizedTrench warfare – no man’s landGermany fighting a war on both sidesOttoman Empire (Turkey) join the Central Powers – Italy joins Allies
8 Modern Warfare Machine guns Rapid fire artillery Poison gases Generals thought superiority of numbers would win – ordered soldiers to go “over the top”Battle of the Somme – British 60,000 casualties in one day – 20,000 deadPoisoned wells, killed livestock, Britain blockaded Germany, submarines sunk everything
9 D) The American Response 1/3 of US immigrants or children of immigrants and felt involvedIrish and German Americans wanted to join the Central PowersMost Americans favored UKGermany – monarchypropaganda: information intended to sway public opinion (lies)British lied to US about German occupation
10 American Neutrality: German submarines try to blockade Britain – US big trade partner with Britain – we declare neutralityPreparedness Movement - US slowly begins to prepare for war – build up and train armed forcesPeace Movement – peace marches, taxed guns to pay for preparedness
11 Review What were the main causes of WWI? How did conflict expand to draw in much of Europe?In what ways did the US respond to the war in Europe?