Presentation on theme: "Warm Up Questions? 1. What are the steps for how a Bill becomes a Law? 2. Explain how the principle of popular sovereignty allows citizens to hold representatives."— Presentation transcript:
Warm Up Questions? 1. What are the steps for how a Bill becomes a Law? 2. Explain how the principle of popular sovereignty allows citizens to hold representatives accountable and ensures the protection of the peoples rights? 3. Describe how our Constitutional Democracy establishes and limits the authority of the Legislative Branch?
Terms Executive Branch Electoral College Presidential Succession Impeachment
Qualifications Must be 35 yrs old Live in USA for 14 yrs Native Born
Election Every 4 yrs in November on a Tuesday Electoral College (need 270/538) The 538 equals all representatives in Congress + DC’s 3 Winner take all system Whoever wins the majority in state gets all electoral votes
Presidential Succession 25 th amendment deals with succession: 1. VP 2. Speaker of the House 3. Prez Pro Tempore 4. Secretary of State (Hillary Clinton-deals with diplomatic matters)
Term in office 4 yrs = 1 term Originally, there was no limit to how many terms a president could serve. In 1951, after FDR was elected 4 times the 22 nd amendment was created and limited presidents to 2 terms.
President Roles and Powers RolesPowers Chief Executive Carry out nations laws Appoints officials cabinet, gov’t corporation-postmaster general, executive agency- NASA Head of State Greets foreign leaders and Ceremonial functions Chief Diplomat Direct US foreign policy Commander in Chief Head of nation’s armed forces Legislative Leader Makes speeches to get support for programs Pass/reject proposed laws Economic Leader Tries to get economy to prosper Party Leader Leader of political party
Other Powers 1. Veto Power – rejecting bills from Congress 2. Executive Order – Directing to take certain actions 3. Pardons – Excuse a person from being punished for a criminal offense 4. Commute Sentences – Shorten the time someone spends in prison 5. Reprieves – Delay the implementation of a sentence 6. State of the Union – President reports to Congress on the state of the union and what he wants Congress to do in the coming year.
Limitations Checks and Balances 1. Threat of Impeachment The removal of the president if he/she violates the constitution. Only House of Rep can impeach. If a president is impeached they must still be convicted by the senate in order to be removed
Foreign Policy 1. What is foreign policy? Nations overall plan for dealing with other countries 2. 4 Goals of US Foreign Policy National Security – keep country safe World Peace Promoting democracy International Trade
US Foreign Policy PresidentCongress Creates Treaties: agreement between 2/more countries Can bypass senate with an Executive Agreement Approves Treaty Appoint Ambassadors- Someone who represents your country Approves Ambassadors Ask for $ for military, foreign aid, food Determines amount of $ Can place trade embargo (Stop trade), trade sanction (limit trade) Use of military for 60 days w/out congress approval
Reflection 1. Describe what roles does the president fulfill, and what authority come from such roles? 2. Explain what limitations are placed on the president by the Constitution? 3. What are the goals of American Foreign Policy? 4. What roles does the president fulfill in regard to American Foreign Policy? 5. What role does the Executive Branch play in the law making process? 6. What are some things the government can constitutionally do to ensure the safety of citizens?