Presentation on theme: "CONDITIONAL Claudia Méndez & Paloma Fernández. First Conditional: real possibility IfSubject Verb in PRESENT Complement,Subject Verb in FUTURE Complement."— Presentation transcript:
First Conditional: real possibility IfSubject Verb in PRESENT Complement,Subject Verb in FUTURE Complement Ifyouhelpme,I will help you....we take John, he will be really pleased..... you give me some money, I will pay you back tomorrow.....they go to Barcelona, they will walk along the Ramblas. We use the First Conditional to talk about situacions that are possible or likely to happen.
UNLESS = IF NOT ( A menos que.. “ si no..” ) Unless you pay me well, I won´t do it If you don´t pay me well, I won´t do it. A menos que me pagues bien, no lo haré MAY / MIGHT + BASE FORM If the library is open, I may / might borrow a book. (Si la biblioteca está abierta, puedo / podría sacar un libo prestado) You can also use the IMPERATIVE OR CAN If I miss the bus, I´ll get a taxi. If you miss the bus, get a taxi Ifyou miss the bus, you can get a taxi
Conditional Questions Structure WHAT AUX VERB* SUBJ VERB IF clause* ? (or another Wh word) * ( would, will, remember that it depends of the type of conditional that you are going to use) * ( the tense of the If clause that you use in the question wil depend of the conditional type used.)
What will happen, if you don´t study hard enough? If I don´t study hard enough I will fail in the exam Where would you like to travel, if you won paid vacations? If I could go anywhere I would like to travel to Hawaii If you were an animal, which one would you like to be? If I were an animal I would like to be a tiger.
Second conditional: unreal possibility or dream IfSubject Verb in PAST Complemen t, Subjec t Verb with WOULD Compleme nt IfIhada yacht,Iwould travel around the world We use the second conditional to talk about situations which are imaginary or unlikely to happen.
If elephants had wings, they would be able to fly. If I were rich, I would buy a castle. If her hair were black, she would look completely different.
Third Conditional: no possibility IfSubject HAD + PARTICIPL E Complement, Subjec t WOULD HAVE + PARTICIPL E MIGHT/ COULD HAVE + PP Complement Ifyouhad invitedme to your party,I would have gone - We use the thrid conditional to talk about imaginary or hypothetical situations in the past. 1.If hadn´t got up late, I wouldn´t have missed the train 2.If his parents had had the money, he could have gone to university. 3.If his uncle hadn´t died, he might have worked for him.
If only/Wish Wish/if only + Past Simple Refers to a present situation that the speaker is unhappy about. I wish/ If only I were more responsible Wish/if only + Past Perfect Expresses regret about a past action or situation. If only I had known earlier! Wish + Could/Would + Base form Expresses a desire for something to happen in the future. I wish I could go to university. - Wishful prayers expressed a desire. - Can be formed in two ways: with wish or if only.