Introductory Paragraph Attention Grabber / Hook Background Information about the Central Idea Thesis General Specific
Introduction: Attention Grabber / Hook What it is NOT Unrelated to prompt Not a sentence or question with “you” in it Not too specific Not a sentence with title/author in it (literary) What’s Its Purpose? Hooks reader’s attention 1st sentence(s) of intro. paragraph General/broad concept related to some aspect of prompt
Introduction: Background Information What it is NOT Not too specific to prompt yet Not analysis Not a sentence with subtopics in it Not a quote from text Not extensive plot summary What’s Its Purpose? Provides context for reader (historical) Provides link between grabber and specifics of prompt LITERARY: TAGG statement (title, author, genre, gist of the story)
Introduction: Central/Controlling Idea What it is NOT Not plot detail Not a basic fact Not something that cannot be proven or already is proven Not a quote from text Not unrelated to prompt Function/Purpose Connected directly to analysis part of prompt and commentary Provides analysis writer is asserting/ can be proven If about literature, usually about theme, purpose, impact on reader, tone, etc. Can be combined with the thesis
Introduction: Thesis What it is NOT Not a plot detail Not a basic fact Not a quote from text Function/Purpose Provides content and organization of paper Includes subtopics that will be used to prove central idea (subtopics will be topics of body paragraphs) Belongs in last sentence of introduction
Body Paragraph Topic Sentence Support A (Major) Evidence (Minor) Evidence Commentary Support B Evidence Commentary Concluding Sentence This is your analysis. Restates / reaffirms your topic sentence. Your assertion the paragraph will prove with evidence.
Body Paragraph: Topic Sentence What it is NOT Not a plot detail Not a basic fact Not a quote from text Not a sentence that cannot be or already is proven (ie, “Scout is one of the main characters in the novel.”) Bad! Function/Purpose States main idea AND assertion for each body paragraph Tied directly to thesis First sentence of body paragraph Should be able to read T.S. and ask, “ How so? ”
Body Paragraph: Support What it is NOT Not too specific Not a quote Not analysis Function/Purpose At least two per paragraph Ways in which the assertion given in topic sentence can be proven Answers, “How so?” from topic sentence
Body Paragraph: Evidence What it is NOT Not a question Not analysis Not irrelevant examples or details Function/Purpose Specific quotes, concrete details, anecdotes, etc. to illustrate each support 2 pieces of evidence for each support in HSPE/MSP-style essay 1 quote in literary analysis minimum for each support
Body Paragraph: Commentary What it is NOT Not plot summary or detail Not restatement of majors/minors/quotes Not unrelated to prompt No critique of book or advice to the reader Function/Purpose Writer ’ s analysis connecting evidence to the topic sentence/claim If about literature, usually about theme, purpose, impact on reader, tone, etc. A “ This shows that …” statement
Tips for Commentary When writing commentary, ask yourself: Why did I choose this evidence? Why is it significant to prove my topic/claim? How does this evidence prove my topic/claim? What effect does this evidence have on my reader?
Body Paragraph: Concluding Sentence What it is NOT No quote from text No introduction of new idea Not exact wording as topic sentence Function/Purpose Provides closure for body paragraphs Last sentence of body paragraphs Restates topic sentence May be optional in shorter essays
Minor Topic 1 Topic Statement Major Topic AMajor Topic B Concluding Statement Minor Topic 1 Minor Topic 2 Minor Topic 1 Minor Topic 2 Comm Another Useful Organizer for an Expository Body Paragraph
Concluding Paragraph Restate Thesis Summarize main ideas Conclude with final thought-provoking, memorable insight Specific General
Concluding Paragraph What it is NOT Does not start with “In conclusion…” Not word-for-word restatement of thesis/ central idea No new information introduced Do not end on a question Do not include “lesson” for your readers Function/Purpose Provides closure for essay Restatement of thesis/ central idea using different wording Brief summary of main ideas presented in essay (esp. in longer essay) Final thought- provoking/ memorable (relevant) insight
Things to AVOID in your essay First person pronouns (“I,” “me,” etc.) Second person pronouns (“you,” “your,” etc.) Contractions (“It’s,” “They’re,” etc.) Slang