00 0 latitude – Equator 0 longitude – Prime Meridian (has no affect on climate)
Rotation The spinning of the earth on its axis Takes 24 hours Creates night & day
Revolution The orbit of the earth around the sun Takes 365 ¼ days Creates the seasons
Polar Night When the polar region is tilted away from the sun – the polar area receives 24 hours of darkness. When it is pointed toward the sun the area receives 24 hours of daylight.
EQUINOX Direct rays of the sun are located on the EQUATOR Days and nights are equal in length Spring (Vernal) and Fall (Autumnal) When it is Spring in the northern hemisphere it is Fall in the southern hemisphere (the opposite is also true)
SOLSTICE Direct rays of the sun are located on the TROPIC OF CANCER OR CAPRICORN Days and nights are not equal in length – summer days are longer – winters nights are longer Summer and Winter When it is Winter in the northern hemisphere it is Summer in the southern hemisphere (the opposite is also true)
Antarctic Circle – 66.5 S Arctic Circle – 66.5 N South Pole - 90 S North Pole - 90 N
Red – LOW LATITUDES 0 – 23 ½ North & South Tropics Hot and Humid Green – MID LATITUDES 23 ½ - 66 ½ North & South Temperate Mild THE MAJORITY OF THE WORLD’S PEOPLE LIVE IN THE TEMPERATE ZONE!! Blue – HIGH LATITUDES 66 ½ - 90 North & South Polar Cold and Dry